Exam3notes - 11/28/06 1. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) a....

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11/28/06 1. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) a. Discourse on the method i. Written in French, addressed to society at large ii. Published anonymously iii. Opens with an autobiography, received a college education iv. Able to read the ancient texts in original languages (best education available) b. Felt he didn’t receive much from all of this education 1. Given only skills which to argue well, but what to use for? 2. By studying philosophy, discovered there is no point in philosophy that hasn’t been argued on (for and against) 3. So what’s the use of studying it? No conclusive answers c. Goes to study the school of the world as a mercenary soldier (fighting for money) Sees lots of places and peoples d. Learns that different people have different beliefs and customs e. Which custom is the right one?? There is no point on which there are opposite positions (for or against) f. Why care about Discourse ? i. Story about the intellectual and cultural situation people found themselves at the beginning of the 17 th Century, shared by many people. g. The Skeptical Crisis – people feeling unsure about the philosophical perspectives i. Brought about partially by reformation 2. Religious-Moral Crisis a. Protestant Reformation i. Put into question the rule of faith (what criterion to you judge what is right or wrong in terms of religious belief) ii. Rule of faith can be found only sola scriptura (by scripture alone, Protestant view) iii. OR by tradition , ways passed down through generations (Catholic view) iv. Circular reasoning – justifying rationale of sola scriptura by using scripture; tradition tells to use tradition v. ** Role of faith is difficult to define b. Book of nature – Book of Scripture i. Luther + Melanchthon 1. Of two vvoonderful popish monsters 2. published in the vernacular 3. About two monsters that are found that are signs 4. Sign is God’s anger with the Pope and Catholics 5. Take each part of the monster to have a specific meaning (allegory)
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6. Authors are reading the story as if from both books (nature and scripture) 7. Why should we believe their interpretation? a. There wasn’t a unique interpretation, different ones ii. Pierre Boaistuau Prodigious histories 1. Spends a lot of time talking about fake monsters=people who are trying to con you out of your money 2. Be aware of people who say they can do “monstrous” things, or who have abnormalities iii. Ambroise Pare On monsters and prodigies [Marvels] c. European Exploration i. Christopher Columbus ii. Amerigo Vespucci iii. Johannes Stradanus 1. Nova Reperta [New Discoveries] 2. Makes engravings of Vespucci discovering America and all of the new things there. The people are barbaric but also have some civilized properties. Just like the people of Europe. Who’s to say who’s better? There are good points and bad of all civilizations 3. The Humanist Crisis a. Renaissance humanism b. Begin to realize that there was a lot going on in the ancient period, there was a wide variety of schools
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HOS 201 taught by Professor Hsia during the Fall '06 term at Wisconsin.

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Exam3notes - 11/28/06 1. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) a....

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