THE HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002 3The Homeland Security Act of 2002Introduction. Following the events that led to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and subsequent mailings of anthrax spores, the country was in a state of dismay. Sensing the urgency of the matter, U.S. Congress enacted the Homeland Security Act on November 25, 2002 as part of legislation and policy aimed at thwarting further attacks. Inthe historical context when this act was implemented, we’ll explore its importance at the time, and what long-term impacts it had on the commercial aviation industry.The Homeland Security Act of 2002.On September 11, 2001, terrorists affiliated with the terrorist organization known as “Al Qaeda, hijacked four passenger planes. Their intent was only realized when coordinated suicide attacks were conducted against the Pentagon in Washington D.C., the World Trade Center in New York City and a fourth that missed its destination and crashed into a field in Pennsylvania asthe passengers and crew attempted to regain control. The attacks were viewed as evil and despicable acts of terror that could not go unanswered. Many journalists believed it to be the worst attack seen since that of Pearl Harbor.