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Patient ScenarioMaria is a 36-year-old who presents for evaluation of a cough. She is normally a healthy young lady with no significant medical history. She takes no medications and does not smoke. She reports that she was in her usual state of good health until approximately 3 weeks ago when she developed a “really bad cold.” The cold is characterized by a profound, deep, mucus-producing cough. She denies any rhinorrhea or rhinitis—the primary problem is the cough. She develops these coughing fits that are prolonged, very deep, and productive of a lot of green sputum. She hasn’t had any fever but does have a scratchy throat. Maria has tried over-the-counter cough medicines but has not had much relief. The cough keeps her awake at night and sometimes gets so bad that she gags and dry heaves.Acute BronchitisAcute bronchitis is an irritation of the bronchi of the lungs. Acute bronchitis is a popular presentation within emergency departments, critical care centers, and primary care physician offices. Approximately 5% of adults have intense episodes of bronchitis yearly (Worrall, 2008). Within the United States, Acute Bronchitis is among the top ten most common diagnosis among outpatients. Acute Bronchitis can linger for approximately 10-20 days, with an average of lasting18 days, although it can last up to four weeks (Singh & Zahn, 2017).Most commonly acute bronchitis is predominantly caused by viruses but can be caused by bacterial infection and is primarily self-limiting (Healthline, 2019). Other irritants can cause