8. Politics in China.docx - The note is based on chapter...

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The note is based on chapter 15, Powell.Politics in ChinaCurrent policy challanges→ China’s current policy challenges arise very significantly from its economicsuccesses in the past three decades.1.in 1978, Chinese leaders agreed to be judged mainly by their ability to foster economicgrowth and deliver a better material life for Chinese citizens.a.Its economy has grown at a rate of nearly 10 percent per year since 1980, faster andfor a longer period of time than any other economy in history. In terms of purchasingpower parity (PPP), China is now the world’s second-largest economy (after theUnited States).2.In 2006, it overtook Japan as the world’s biggest holder of foreign exchange reserves3.by massive government intervention, China emerged from the 2008 and 2009 globaleconomic crisis more powerful than ever.Economical Structure:socialist market economyAgricultural structure:the arabic lands rest in the hand of government and subjected to a farmer who have been contractedfor agricultural use of it.The requisition, rezoning, and sale of agricultural land by local governments has provoked rural riots,usually suppressed with great violence.Farmers tend to be poorly compensated in these instances of eminent domain for local economicdevelopment (and local government profit).Political structure:The ideological background:they abandon the communist ideology in structure and starts to opentoward economic revolution, owns a place on the wordstage as one of the biggest power.However nary a sign of any politically revolutionary act, and remained a communist-party state.-Chinese politics today is “post-Mao” politics in the sense that there is a new regime, notsimply a change of leaders—and, given its dynamics, there appears to be no turning back.Chinese policymakers have promoted limited liberalization, sometimes as an antidote to corruptionopened up political processes to more diversified inputs,but with severe control and censorship in thesystem: . A handful of leaders at the very top still monopolize the authority to choose what sorts ofinputs from what sorts of groups are acceptable, and the decision rules are not always transparentThe leadership:Chinese leaders have recently completed a major transition to a “fifth generation” ofleaders. China is now ruled by the most educated and least technocratic generation of leaders ever,most of them owns a degree from college or university (social sciences or law majors instead ofengenieering)Structure of The Party-State:they use the design of the Leninist communist-party system
people lack the knowledge and the revolutionary spiritwhich would lead them to the highestprosperity (from capitalist to socialist and from there communist structure.)So Lenin proposed 2 main principle:a political party and political system built on the principles ofguardianship and hierarchy.Chinese leaders added the idea of the mass line, formulated by Mao inthe 1940s. -that is supposed to moderate the guardianship..

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Term
Winter
Professor
András Tétényi
Tags
Communism, Communist state, People s Republic of China, Communist Party of China, Communist party, China Ancient China

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