AFGHANISTAN•officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia.•Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experiences very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, while the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers.•Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.•Population of 31 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks.•Tribal social system, urban bourgeoisie could not have been established.
MAJOR CITIES•Kabul: Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. It is also a municipality, forming part of the greater Kabul Province. According to estimates in 2015, the population of Kabul is 4.635 million, which includes all the major ethnic groups of Afghanistan. •Kandahar: Kandahār or Qandahār is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 557,118. Kandahar is located in the south of the country on the Arghandab River, at an elevation of 1,010 m. It is the capital of Kandahar Province, and also the center of the larger cultural region called Loy Kandahar.•Mazaar-i-Sharif: Also called Mazār-e Sharīf, or just Mazar, is the fourth-largest city of Afghanistan, with a 2015 UN–Habitat population estimate 427,600. It is the capital of Balkh province and is linked by highways with Kunduz in the east, Kabul in the southeast, Herat in the west and Termez in Uzbekistan in the north. It is about 55 km (34 mi) from the Uzbek border. The city also serves as one of the many tourist attractions because of its famous shrines as well as the Islamic and Hellenistic archeological sites.
AFGHAN WARS•Saur Revolution: also called the April Revolution or April Coup, was a coup d'état (or self-proclaimed revolution) led by the People's
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- Spring '16
- Elizabeth Skewes