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This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
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re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at Title: The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing
A Manual of Ready Reference
Author: Joseph Triemens
Release Date: December 26, 2006 [EBook #20190]
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*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK HANDY CYCLOPEDIA
*** Produced by Don Kostuch [Transcriber's Notes]
This is one of the first books I remember reading as a child. Some of the items are
thoughtfully written, like how to write checks. Many others are just rumors or careless
opinions. Some are "racy" ads. Whatever their truth, they are interesting reading,
calculated to draw the attention of drug store customers of 1910.
The text of the advertisements have been reproduced along with the accompanying
"Mother's Remedies, Over One Thousand Tried and Tested Remedies from Mothers
of the United States and Canada" (Gutenberg EText 17439) is a book for a similar
audience, but without advertisements.
Here are the definitions of unfamiliar (to me) words. aperients
Assert formally as a fact.
Peevish; irritable; cranky; extremely unpleasant or distasteful.
bill of attainder
Legislative determination imposing punishment without trial.
Small, sharply pointed instrument to make holes in fabric or leather.
Pale to deep red or reddish-brown.
Inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the respiratory tract, accompanied by
Acute gastroenteritis occurring in summer and autumn; symptoms are severe cramps,
diarrhea, and vomiting.
General or comprehensive view; survey; digest; summary.
Accumulation, heap, mass.
Dispossess unlawfully or unjustly; oust.
Fine not fixed by law; inflicting an arbitrary penalty.
Payment for an office or employment; compensation.
Greek Mythology; the dark region of the underworld through which the dead must pass
before they reach Hades.
Deviating from the usual conduct or opinion; eccentric; queer.
histologist One who does anatomical studies of the microscopic structure of animal and plant tissues.
Having little or no money; penniless; poor.
Hardened; obstinate; unfeeling.
Inherent or innate.
Title of various government officials or administrators.
Town of western New York on Lake Ontario and Irondequoit Bay, near Rochester.
Sediment settling during fermentation, especially wine; dregs.
Displacement or misalignment of a joint or organ.
Marque (letter of)
Commission granted by a state to a private citizen to capture and confiscate the merchant
ships of another nation.
Fine, compact, usually white clay-like mineral of hydrous magnesium silicate,
H4Mg2Si3O10, used for tobacco pipes, building stone and ornamental carvings. Also called
Mathieu Orfila (1787-1853). Chemist, founder of toxicology.
Study of the metrical structure of verse.
Dark blue crystalline hydrated compound, Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3·xH2O; ferric ferrocyanide.
Liable to decay or spoil or become putrid.
Shrub or small tree of tropical America, Quassia amara. Prepared form of the heartwood, used
as an insecticide and in medicine as a tonic to dispel intestinal worms
Game; player throws rings of rope or flattened metal at an upright peg, attempting to encircle
it or come as close to it as possible.
rotten stone Porous, lightweight, siliceous sedimentary rock; shells of diatoms or radiolarians or of finely
weathered chert, used as an abrasive and a polish.
Potassium nitrate, KNO3.
Pain extending from the hip down the back of the thigh and surrounding area.
Shaped like a spatula; rounded like a spoon.
Head of Army.
Apt to learn; promising; docile; tractable; propitious; seasonable.
[End Transcriber's Notes] Every Purchase
Save You Money
Save money on your Drug Store Merchandise by buying at the Central. We carry
everything in Drugs Toilet Article, Rubber Goods, Sundries, Candies, Cigars, etc.
You will be surprised at our low prices and quick service and pleased with our
We carry a complete line of Burke's Home Remedies. Burke's Home Remedies are
sold under the Money Back Guarantee.
3 STORES IN DETROIT
CENTRAL DRUG CO.
Main Store 219 Woodward Ave.
89 Woodward Ave.
Detroit, MICH 153 Grand River Ave. The Handy Cyclopedia
Things Worth Knowing
A Manual of Ready Reference
Covering Especially Such Information
Of Everyday Use as is often
Hardest to Find When
"Inquire Within About Everything"
For alphabetical index see page 277
ALBERT J. DUBOIS
Copyright. 1911, by Joseph Trienens TO OUR PATRONS
This little book is presented to you to evidence our appreciation of your patronage.
We trust you will examine its contents closely, for you will find within its covers many
things that will prove entertaining, instructive and useful.
It is new and up-to-date and has been expressly compiled for our patrons. Only
matter of real interest and value has been included in its pages.
It is a general experience that answers to those questions which arise most often in
every-day life are hardest to find. Information on practical subjects is usually just
beyond your reach when it is most desired. You will use this little book every day when
you "want to know."
It is equally valuable to all classes, men as well as women; to workers generally as
well as people of leisure. It is the book for the busy housekeeper as well as the woman of
We shall feel amply repaid for the painstaking labor, care and expense which we
have bestowed upon this little volume if its constant utility to you more firmly cements
your good will to our establishment.
Just a few words about the advertisements. They are from concerns of established
reputation whose products we freely recommend with full confidence that they are the
best of their respective kinds. The index to the advertising section is on pages 5 and 6.
THE CENTRAL DRUG CO. INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS
For index of general contents see page 277
Abilena Mineral Water
Albany Chemical Co
Aleta Hair Tonic
Alexander's Asthma Remedy
Allen's Cough Balsam
Australian Eucalyptus Globulus Oil
Blood Berry Gum
Page facing inside back cover
"Bloom of Youth," Laird's
Blue Ribbon Gum
Blush of Roses
Bonheim's Shaving Cream
Borax, Pacific Coast
Borden's Malted Milk
Brown's Asthma Remedy
Brown's Liquid Dressing
Brown's Wonder Face Cream
Brown's Wonder Salve
Bryans' Asthma Remedy
Buffalo Lithia Springs Water
Byrud's Corn Cure
Byrud's Instant Relief
Cabler's (W. P.) Root Juice
Carmichael's Gray Hair Restorer
Carmichael's Hair Tonic
Chavett Diphtheria Preventive
Chocolates and Bon Bons
Coe's Cough Balsam
Crown Headache Powders
Daisy Fly Killer
359 "Dead Stuck" for Bugs
Dissolvene Rubber Garments
Downs' Obesity Reducer
Duponts Hair Restorative
Dyspepsia Remedy, Graham's
El Perfecto Veda Rose Rouge
Empress Hair Color Restorer
Empress Shampoo Soap
Golden Remedy for Epilepsy
Golden Rule Hair Restorative
Goodwin's Corn Salve
Goodwin's Foot Powder
Gowans Pneumonia Preparation
Graves' (Dr.) Tooth Powder
Great Western Champagne
Grube's Corn Remover
Guild's Asthma Cure
Harvard Athletic Supports
Hegeman's Camphor Ice
Hill's Chloride of Gold Tablets
Hoag's (Dr.) Cell Tissue Tonic
Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea
Hot Water Bottles
Hydrox Chemical Company
Hygeia Nursing Bottles
Irondequoit Port Wine
Jucket's (Dr.) Salve
5 INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS
Kellogg's Asthma Remedy
Kondon's Catarrhal Jelly
Lemke's (Dr.) Golden Electric Liniment
Lemke's (Dr.) Laxative Herb Tea
Lemke's (Dr.) St. Johannis Drops
Leslie Safety Razors
Louisenbad Reduction Salt
Lune de Miel Perfume
"Lustr-ite" Toilet Specialties
Luxtone Toilet Preparations
Mares Cough Balsam
Martel's (Dr.) Female Pills
Mayr's Stomach Remedy
"Meehan's" Razor Stropper
Mixer Medicine Company
Mt. Clemens Bitter Water
New Bachelor Cigars
Noblesse Toilet Preparations
Obesity Gaveck Tablets
Obesity Reducer, Downs'
Ordway (Dr. D. P.) Plasters
Peckham's Croup Remedy
Perry Davis Painkiller
Pinus Medicine Co.
Plexo Toilet Cream
Poland Water 324
292 Pozzoni's Complexion Powder
"Queen Bess" Perfume
Razor Stropper, "Meehan's"
Riker's Tooth Powder
Rossman's Pile Cure
Sandholm's Skin Lotion
Scheffler's Hair Colorine
Seguin et Cie
Sharp & Smith
Shoes for the Lame
Soaps, Stiefel's Medicinal
Sorority Girl Toilet Requisites
Stiefel's Medicinal Soaps
St. Jacob's Oil
Strong's Arnica Jelly
Strong's Arnica Tooth Soap
Sweet Babee Nursing Bottle
Tailoring for Men
Tanglefoot Fly Paper
Tyrrell's Hygienic Institute
Villacabras Mineral Water
Virgin Oil of Pine
Wright's Catarrhal Balm
Wright's Rheumatic Remedy
Young's Victoria Cream Inside back cover
6 SOCIAL FORMS
Manners and Customs of Good Society
ETIQUETTE OF COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE.
It is a growing custom in America not to announce an engagement until the date of
the marriage is approximately settled. Long engagements are irksome to both man and
woman, and a man is generally not supposed to ask a girl to marry him until he is able to
provide a home for her. This, however, does not prevent long friendships between young
couples or a sentimental understanding growing up between them, and it is during this
period that they learn to know each other and find out if they are suited for a life's
When a "young man goes a-courting" it generally means that he has some particular
girl in mind whom he has singled out as the object of his devotion. A man a-courting is
generally on his best behavior, and many a happily married wife looks back on her
courting days as the most delightful of her life. At that time the woman is the object of a
devotion to which she has as yet conceded nothing. She is still at liberty to weigh and
choose, to compare her lover to other men, while the knowledge that she is the ultimate
girl that some man is trying to win gives her a pretty sense of self-importance and a
feeling that she has come into the heritage of womanhood.
Whether it is one of the fictions about courtship or not, it is generally assumed that a
young woman is longer in making up her mind than is the young man. When a man finds
the right girl he is pretty apt to know it, and it is his business then to start out and
persuade her to his point of view. "Neither willing nor reluctant" is the attitude of the
Gifts and Attention.
Just what attention a man is privileged to show a young woman to whom he is not
engaged, and yet to whom he wishes to express his devotion, is a point a little difficult to
7 SOCIAL FORMS
If she is a bookish girl she will be pleased with gifts of books or the suggestion that
they may read the same books so they may talk them over together. She will probably
feel complimented if a man discusses with her his business affairs and the problems that
are interesting men in their life work. When a man begins to call often and regularly on a
girl it is best to have some topic of conversation aside from personalities.
When a man is led to spend more money than he can afford in entertaining a girl it is
a bad preparation for matrimony. Courtship is a time when a man desires to bring gifts,
and it is quite right and fitting that he should do so within reasonable limits. A girl of
refined feelings does not like to accept valuable presents from a man at this period of
their acquaintance. Flowers, books, music, if the girl plays or sings, and boxes of candy
are always permissible offerings which neither engage the man who offers them nor the
girl who receives them. This is the time when a man invites a girl to the theater, to
concerts and lectures, and may offer to escort her to church. The pleasure of her society
is supposed to be a full return for the trouble and expense incurred in showing these
The Claims of Companionship.
A man cannot justly complain if a girl accepts similar favors from other men, for
until he has proposed and been accepted he has no claim on her undivided
companionship. An attitude of proprietorship on his part, particularly if it is exercised in
public, is as bad manners as it is unwise, and a high-spirited girl, although she may find
her feelings becoming engaged, is prone to resent it. It should be remembered that a man
is free to cease his attentions, and until he has finally surrendered his liberty he should
not expect her to devote all her time to him.
At this period it is a wise man who makes a friend of a girl's mother, and if he does
this he will generally be repaid in a twofold manner. No matter how willful a girl may
be, her mother's opinion of her friends always has weight with her.
8 SOCIAL FORMS.
Moreover, what the mother is the girl will in all probability become, and a man has
no better opportunity of learning a girl's mental and moral qualities than by knowing the
woman who bore and reared her.
Engagement and Wedding Rings.
The form and material of "the mystic ring of marriage" change but little, and
innovations on the plain gold band are rarely successful. The very broad, flat band is
now out of date and replaced by a much narrower ring, sufficiently thick, however, to
stand the usage of a lifetime. It is generally engraved on the concealed side with the
initials of the giver and the date of the marriage. The gold in the ring should be as pure
as possible, and the color, which depends on the alloy used, should be unobtrusive, the
pale gold being better liked now than the red gold. Many women never remove their
wedding ring after it has been put on and believe it is bad luck to do so.
There is but one choice for an engagement ring, a solitaire diamond, and clusters or
colored stones are not considered in this connection. As after the wedding the
engagement ring is used as a guard to the wedding ring, it should be as handsome as
possible, and a small, pure stone is a far better choice than a more showy one that may
be a little off in color or possess a flaw.
Correct Form in Jewelry.
On the wedding day the groom often makes the bride a wedding present of some
piece of jewelry, and if this is to be worn during the ceremony it should consist of white
stones in a thin gold or platinum setting, such as a pendant, bracelet or pin of pearls and
diamonds. If a colored stone is preferred--and a turquoise, for instance, adds the touch of
blue which is supposed to bring a bride good luck--it should be concealed inside the
dress during the services.
9 SOCIAL FORMS.
As a memento of the event a groom often presents his ushers with a scarf pin or
watch or cigarette case ornamented with the initials of the bride and groom, and the bride
generally makes a similar present to her bridesmaids of some dainty piece of jewelry.
Whether this takes the form of a pin, bracelet or one of the novelties that up-to-date
jewelers are always showing, it should be the best of its kind. Imitation stones or "silver
gilt" have no place as wedding gifts.
There is no time in a woman's life when ceremonies seem so important as when a
wedding in the family is imminent. Whether the wedding is to be a simple home
ceremony or an elaborate church affair followed by a reception, the formalities which
etiquette prescribes for these functions should be carefully studied and followed. Only
by doing so can there be the proper dignity, and above all the absence of confusion that
should mark the most important episode in the life of a man or woman.
Wedding customs have undergone some changes of late years, mostly in the direction
of simplicity. Meaningless display and ostentation should be avoided, and, if a girl is
marrying into a family much better endowed in worldly goods than her own, she should
have no false pride in insisting on simple festivities and in preventing her family from
incurring expense that they cannot afford. The entire expenses of a wedding, with the exception of the clergyman's fee and the carriage which takes the bride and groom away
for their honeymoon, are met by the bride's family, and there is no worse impropriety
than in allowing the groom to meet or share any of these obligations. Rather than allow
this a girl would show more self-respect in choosing to do away with the social side of
the function and be content with the marriage ceremony read by her clergyman under his
Invitations and Announcements.
In the case of a private wedding announcement cards should be mailed the following
day to all relatives and acquaintances of both the contracting parties.
10 SOCIAL FORMS.
Evening weddings are no longer the custom, and the fashionable hour is now high
noon, although in many cases three o'clock in the afternoon is the hour chosen. Whether
the wedding is to be followed by a reception or not, the invitations to it should be sent
out not less than two weeks before the event, and these should be promptly accepted or
declined by those receiving them. The acceptance of a wedding invitation by no means
implies that the recipient is obliged to give a present. These are only expected of
relatives and near friends of the bride and groom, and in all cases the presents should be
addressed and sent to the bride, who should acknowledge them by a prettily worded note
of thanks as soon as the gifts are received or, at the latest, a few days after the marriage
Silver and Linen.
The usual rule followed in the engraving of silver or the marking of linen is to use
the initials of the bride's maiden name. The question of duplicate gifts is as annoying to
the sender as it is to the young couple who are ultimately to enjoy the gifts.
Theoretically, it is bad form to exchange a gift after it has been received, but, in truth,
this is often done when a great deal of silver is given by close friends or members of the
family it is a comparatively easy matter to find out what has already been sent and to
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