Chapter9 outline

Chapter9 outline - Jennifer Logan Chapter 9 Study Guide I...

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Jennifer Logan Chapter 9 Study Guide I. What are speech and language disorders? a. Development of the field i. Started with individuals who were deaf ii. Individuals that worked to cure speech problems developed unusual treatments +  surgeries that had no basis (unrecorded) iii. 30s: First formal training for pathologists  iv. 1925: American Academy of Speech Correction was founded v. 1900-1945: instruction emphasized correct production of sounds by repetition of  words, sounds, and sentences vi. 45-now: less about mechanics of speech more about the overall ability to use language vii. Speech therapy may now be included in general education, and the goal is now  successful day to day peer communication b. Definitions i. Speech and language disorders – all disorders that can occur within the disability  category ii. Communication disorders – global term can include hearing loss iii. IDEA definition (speech or language impairment) 1. Stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairment, voice impairment 2. AND 3. Impairs educational performance
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iv. Communication requires a message, sender, and a receiver (channel which is verbal and  nonverbal) v. Five components of language 1. Phonology- set of sounds 2. Morphology –ability to form words with prefixes and suffixes 3. Syntax- order of words 4. Semantics- mean and precision of words used 5. Pragmatics – use of language in a social context vi. Specific language impairments – cannot be explained by physical, intellectual,  hearing, or other disabilities 1. Characterized by: a. Language delay b. Aphasia – loss of language after it’s developed c. Central Auditory Disorders- problems interpreting information they hear vii. Elements of speech 1. Voice- pitch, intensity, quality 2. Resonance – nasal or oral aspect 3. Articulation- movement of tongue, teeth, and lips
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Chapter9 outline - Jennifer Logan Chapter 9 Study Guide I...

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