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Running head: HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN DIVERSE CULTURES1HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN DIVERSE CULTURESSarah RatliffOhio University
HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN DIVERSE CULTURES2HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN DIVERSE CULTURESProviding culturally sensitive care is necessary and is considered an expectation in the healthcare setting. There are biases, beliefs, and generalizations present due to ignorance and differentiating experiences. Biases and generalizations were apparent in a video presented in this week’s assignment. The video displayed ignorance from a medical professional towards a patientof Hispanic descent. The purpose of this paper is to acknowledge the generalizations made and provide detailed interventions to overcome them. I have had to overcome cultural barriers in my own nursing experience, I will provide an example and strategies used to overcome this conflict. Cultural BackgroundThe patient in this week’s assigned video is Hispanic or Latino. These terms refer to a diverse population consisting of descendants from Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico or Central America (Juckett, 2013). The video addresses a Hispanic patient in a follow up appointment related to a recent knee surgery. As a medical professional, it is important to understand Hispanicculture and way of life. Hispanics make up 17.8% of the total population in the United States (United States Census Bureau, 2016). By the year 2043, Hispanics are predicted to become the majority in America (Harrah, 2013). This figure is substantial. Understanding the Hispanic culture must be incorporated into American education. This is especially true within the health care setting.Perception of HealthUnderstanding Hispanic perception of health is important. It is also important not to generalize that all research accounts for every single Hispanic. There are variations that must be acknowledged. After recognizing that, it is important to understand popular and traditional healthperceptions of the Hispanic people. This specific ethnic group tends to value a close connection
HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN DIVERSE CULTURES3to family and often consults family members when making important decisions. These decisions can affect care received in the clinical setting. Hispanics are also greatly influenced by religion when it comes to perceptions of health. One report showed that religion served as the basis for adopting health seeking behaviors and that a relationship with God serves as motivation to seek medical care. (De Jesus, 2016). This report also found that having a relationship with God may help maintain health. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (n.d.) health is the result of good fortune and a reward for good behavior.

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