Psych200-Chapters1_and_2[1].docx - Psych 200 Chapters 1&2 Hi this is Professor Robison and welcome to video lecture number one And video lecture number

Psych200-Chapters1_and_2[1].docx - Psych 200 Chapters 1&2...

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Psych 200 - Chapters 1&2 Hi this is Professor Robison and welcome to video lecture number one. And video lecture number one we're going to be talking about the theories of child development, the history of child development and also the research methods that are used in setting children. First I'd like to talk about what child development is, child development is the study of conception all the way through adolescence. In terms of the periods of child development they're broken down as follows. The first period is considered the prenatal period the prenatal period goes from conception all the way through birth, the next period is considered infancy and toddlerhood. During this period, this occurs from birth all the way to two years of age. The next period is considered early childhood. That goes from two years of age to six years of age. The next period after that is middle childhood. Middle childhood goes from 6 years of age to 11 years of age. And the last period is adolescence. Adolescence goes from 11 years of age to 18 years of age. In this course we're going to be talking about the prenatal period, we're also going to be talking about infancy and toddlerhood, early childhood development and middle childhood. In terms of various domains, of childhood you are going to see a couple of themes throughout the course we'll be talking about physical changes that occur. So things like learning how to crawl, learning how to walk, all those the physical developments that occurs will also be talking about cognitive domains. For example, the language that a child's going to learn and lastly we're going to be talking about the social and emotional domains as well. So for example, relationships that are developed over the course of childhood. Next I'd like to talk about some of the issues that are inherent to development and it's likely that you've seen some of these issues brought up before. These themes you're going to see throughout the course of the class, it's really important to have a understanding of what these issues are and what exactly they mean. The first issue is nature versus nurture, nature refers to the biological aspects that affect our development, things like genetics that are passed down from our parents. Nurture refers to the environmental factors that are associated with our development. So things like family life things like where we live, schools we go to, all sorts of aspects, you're also going to have an impact on the way a child develops. The next issue that is inherent to development is a continuity versus stages continuity basically refers to that we are gradually acquiring skills and knowledge at a steady pace. So for example think about children that first learn letters. Then they learn small words then they learn medium size words then they learn larger words. So, that would be an example of continuous development where you're gradually adding on various skills and knowledge. Also within that stage is considered the stages stage where there are rapid periods of change and it's not so
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much gradual but we have times of certain spurts versus times that not too much is going on.
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  • Fall '16
  • Rebecca Hargrove
  • Anal stage, Psychosexual development, Phallic stage, Oral stage

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