Week 2 - Tuesday (10_9).docx - 10/9 Lecture 3 The Later...

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10/9 Lecture 3 The Later Three Kingdoms and the Early Koryo 8th - 12th century Politics Chang Pogo Ordinary origin Went to China -> became a trader Dominate the trade between China Korea Japan Went back to Korea Wanted daughter to be princess Suppressed by the Silla court b/c of the bone rank system Later Three Kingdoms Silla Later Paekche Later Koguryo Arm struggles between the kingdoms Later Paekche -> attacked Silla Later Koguryo Led by a buddhist monk “immortal” , violent 918 -> monk was thrown out by Wang Kon Wang Kon Not from a powerful family Had to resort to many different measures to extort control Married MANY wives
To build alliances Maintained good relations with Silla Wary of Later Paekche Silla eventually conceded and wanted to join Koguryo 936 , Koguryo unified Korea Kwangjong Carried measures to strengthen authority of the throne **Slave Review Act: Commoners -> Slaves Good for economic resources and as warriors **Officials must review the cases of commoners -> slaves, to basically turn them back to normal 956: Government service examination Before: social classes -> officials After: select officials through an examination process Important way to unify the country because the local elites can take the examination to become official Different from Silla b/c they couldn’t before Called himself emperor Imperial capital

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