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Unformatted text preview: Major Contributions of Science & Technology to Philippine Nation-Building Definition of Terms ● Science is the study of knowledge which can be made into a system and which depends on evaluative facts. ● Technology is the practical application of scientific knowledge. ● Nation building is the creation or development of a nation, especially one that has recently become independent. 2 PRECOLONIAL TIMES Filipinos were already engaging in activities and practices related to science forming primitive or first wave technology. They were curative values of some plant on how to extract medicine from herbs. They had an alphabet, a system of writing, a method of counting and weights and measure. They had no calendar but counted the years by the period of the moon and from one harvest to another. 4 Baybayin Buan 5 ● The history of science and technology in the Philippines can be traced as early as the stone age. ● The modern man from Asian mainland first came over land on across narrow channels to live in Batangas and Palawan about 48,000 B.C. ● Formed settlement in Sulu, Davao, Zamboanga, Samar, Negros, Batangas, Laguna, Rizal, Bulacan and Cagayan. ● They made simple tools and weapons of stone flakes and later developed method of sawing and polishing stones ● By around 3,000 B.C. they were producing adzes ornaments of seashells and pottery. 6 Hammerstone Awls Clovis Point 7 ● Iron Age - Third century B.C. to 11th century A.D. - Metals for tools, weapons,domestication and agriculture - Filipinos were engaged in extraction smelting and refining of iron from ores then cast iron - They learn to weave cotton, make glass ornaments, and cultivate lowland rice and dike fields of terraced fields utilizing spring water in mountain regions. - They also learned to build boats for trading purposes. - Caracoa: refined plank built warships suited for inter island trade raids. 8 Kampilan Caracoa 9 COLONIAL TIMES SPANISH REGIME ● The Spanish introduced formal education and founded scientific institution. - Parish schools were established where religion, reading, writing, arithmetic and music was taught. - Sanitation and more advanced methods of agriculture were taught - The Spanish established colleges and universities in the archipelago. 11 18TH CENTURY ● the Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos Del Pais de Filipinas founded by Governador Jose Basco y Vargas in 1780 encouraged research in agriculture and industry. ● The society promoted cultivation of indigo, cotton, cinnamon, and silk industry. ● 1789: Manila was opened to Asian shipping, inaugurating an era of increase in export of rice, hemp, tobacco, sugar, and indigo, and imports of manufacturing goods. 12 19TH CENTURY ● ● Reform the existing educational system In 1871 the school of medicine and pharmacy were opened to UST, after 15 years it had granted the degree of Licenciado en Medicina to 62 graduates 13 AMERICAN PERIOD ● ● Science was inclined towards agriculture, food processing, yawa medicine and pharmacy. - Not much focus was given on the development of industrial technology due to free trade policy with the United States Education: Spread the English language, to the Filipino people. Instruction in English language, and American history, lead to forming of a national identity and Filipino nationalism. 14 FIELDS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY THAT CONTRIBUTE TO PHILIPPINE IDENTITY / NATION BUILDING LIFE SCIENCES Department of Science and Technology (DOST) ● Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) ● Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) ● Philippine council for Agriculture, Aquatic, and Natural Resources Research Development (PCAARRD) 16 ENGINEERING ● The National Engineering Center (NEC) was first established on January 29, 1978 as the research arm of the University of the Philippines College of Engineering. 17 FOOD & NUTRITION ● The Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) was established as the principal research arm of the Philippine government. 18 OTHER FIELDS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 19 ● National Integrated Research Program on Medicinal Plants (NIRPROMP) - Mandated to distribute inexpensive medicine to the poor - Propagate the use of herbal preparations with proven medicinal efficacy - Identify scientifically validated medicine to improve the pharmaceutical industry. 20 ● On 1995, NIRPROMP isolated vitex negundo (commonly known as lagundi), a large, hardy, five-leaved aromatic shrub with bluish-purple flowers, as a natural source for developing an effective herbal medicine 21 SOURCES Estrado, A. (2018). Science and Technology and Nation Building. Retrieved on February 27, 2019, from Despi, L. (2014, March 26). Brief history of science, and technology. Retrieved on February 27, 2019, from Amboloto, D. J. (n.d.). Major contributions of science and technology to Philippine nation-building? Retrieved February 27, 2019, from Devaney, E. (2018, April 25). List of Tools & Weapons From Stone, Retrieved on February 27, 2019, from Trademarks, Utility Models (2013, September 20). National Integrated Research Program on Medicinal Plants. Retrieved on February 27, 2019, from 22 Thanks! Any questions? 23 ...
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