Culture & Ethnicity.docx - Culture Ethnicity Why learn...

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Culture & EthnicityWhy learn about culture?Population is diverse → The United States is a multicultural society You will almost certainly care for patients who are not from your culture. Health disparities exist among racial and ethnic groups:oThe infant death rate among black, American Indians and Alaska Natives is more than double that of whites.oWomen of Vietnamese origin suffer nearly five times the rate of cervical cancer as do white womenoHispanics have higher rates of high blood pressure and obesity than non-Hispanic whites.oIn nursing homes, use of restraints higher among Hispanics, Asian/Pacific Islanders than among non-Hispanic whites.Nursing is challenged to provide culturally competent care.oNeed to have a good understanding of culture and ethnicityWhat is mean by culture?Culture is both universal(everyone has it) and dynamic(active).Cultureis what people in a group have in common, but it changes over time.Culture Characteristics:Learned – learning occurs through life experiences shared with other members of the culture.Taught – cultural values, beliefs, and traditions are passed down from generation to generation, eitherformally (schools) or informally (in families). Some generations totally adopt the values, beliefs, traditions of their elders; others partially accept the teachings; and some generations move strongly away from them.Shared by its members – cultural norms are shared through teachings and social interactions.Dynamic and adaptive – cultural customs, beliefs, and practices are not static. They change over time and at different rates. Cultural change occurs with adaption in response to the environment.Complex – cultural assumptions and habits are unconscious and thus may be difficult for members of the culture to explain to others or to identify as different from another culture.Culture is diverse – demonstrates the variety that exists among groups and members of a groupExists at many levels – in both material (art, writings, dress, artifacts) and the nonmaterial (customs, traditions, language, beliefs, practices).Have common beliefs and practices – most members of a culture share the same beliefs, traditions, customs, and practices as long as they continue to be adaptive and satisfy the members’ needs. Cultural norm = many members must follow it.All-encompassing – can influence everything its members think and do.Provides identity – cultural beliefs provide identity and a sense of belonging for its members as long as they do not conflict with the dominant culture and continue to satisfy its members.Concepts Related to Culture
Bicultural– refers to a person who identifies with two cultures and integrates some of the values and lifestyles of each into his or her life and uses more of one cultural base over another when situations call for it.

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