3-23-07 Notes - b Supreme Court case of Korematsu v United...

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Impact of War on American Society I. Racial Issues A. African American 1. Access to federal jobs a) A. Philip Randolph and march on Washington D.C. b) Executive Order 8802 i) Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) ii) Powers – Didn't have a whole lot of power though. iii)Right Direction 2. Military service – type and the Tuskegee Airmen 3. Race riots in Detroit 4. Comparisons of Nazi Germany to Jim Crow a) NAACP and CORE B. Mexicans 1. Bracero Program a) Entitlements b) Threats 2. Discrimination 3. Zoot Suite Riots a) Chicano culture b) Offensive to white Americans c) Rumors 4. Military Service – Many served in the same units as Whites C. Native Americans 1. Work in defense industries 2. Military Service a) Navajo Code Talkers D. Japanese Americans 1. Generations – Issei, Nisei, and Sansei 2. Most lived in Hawaii 3. Executive Order #9066 in February 1942 – Upheld the right of the government to move the Japanese Americans a) Relocation Centers
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Unformatted text preview: b) Supreme Court case of Korematsu v. United States c) Deportation requests as a form of protest d) 1988 apology and reparations 4. Government actions during internment a) Sold War bonds b) Military Recruitment c) Loyalty Oaths 5. Military Service a) Service in both theaters, mostly Europe b) 100 th battalion II. Gender Issues A. Women 1. Rosie the Riveter icon 2. Reality a) only 16% of working women performed labor in defense plants b) only 4.4% help skilled positions 3. 6 Million women during the war 4. Black women in industrial jobs 5. Women also served in non-combat positions for the military a) Women's Army Corps b) Women's Army Auxiliary Corps c) Navy Waves d) Marine Corps Women's Reserve e) Women's Airforce Service Piolts B. Appropriate Roles 1. Temporary, expected women to return to the home 2. Most women did 3. Still, after the war, the proportion of women working rose...
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3-23-07 Notes - b Supreme Court case of Korematsu v United...

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