4-2-07 Notes - American Imperialism during the Cold War I....

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American Imperialism during the Cold War I. Abroad A. Leaders in the United States 1. Eisenhower elected 1952 2. Service background a) AEF Army chief of staff b) Supreme commander of NATO Forces 3. John Foster Dulles as secretary of state 4. Contain communism 5. Dulles wanted B. Foreign Policy under Eisenhower 1. Mass retaliation a) If aggressive action, then use nuclear weapons b) Emphasized nuclear weapons and air power rather than size of army and navy i) This allowed Eisenhower to spend more money on the Military 2. Brinkmanship a) Hydrogen Bomb in November 1952 and nuclear buildup i) Critics of arms race arguments Lucky Dragon and the call for test bans b) Increased threat i) Soviet detonation 1953 ii) 1957 the Soviets fired their first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) and launched Sputnik c) US Response i) More weapons, such as the Polaris missile ii) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958 3. Domino Theory a) Justification for US intervention in smaller countries
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 1116 taught by Professor Kmurphy during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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4-2-07 Notes - American Imperialism during the Cold War I....

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