7 March 2008psych

7 March 2008psych - 7 March 2008 Psychology Developmental...

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7 March 2008 Psychology Developmental psychology o A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span Prenatal Development and the Newborn o Zygote The fertilized egg Enters a 2 week period of rapid cell division Develops into an embryo o Embryo The developing human organism from 2 weeks through 2 nd month o Fetus The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth o Teratogens Agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm o Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman’s heavy drinking Symptoms include facial disproportions o Rooting Reflex Tendency to open mouth, and search for nipple when touched on the cheek o Preferences Human voices and faces Face-like images Smell and sound of mother o Maturation Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior Relatively uninfluenced by experience o CHART ON WEBCT: Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development o Object Permanence The awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived o Conservation The principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects 17 March 2008 Infancy and Childhood: Cognitive Development o Egocentrism The inability of the preoperational child to take another’s point of view o Theory of Mind
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People’s ideas about their own and others’ mental states- about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict Social Development o Stranger Anxiety Fear of strangers that infants commonly display
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7 March 2008psych - 7 March 2008 Psychology Developmental...

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