Psychology 11 January 2008

Psychology 11 January 2008 - Psychology 11 January 2008

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Psychology 11 January 2008 -6.5 hours -1. Participate in psychology studies -2. Write summary paper: RP office in room 253 -go to -go to new user and register, and choose the course you are in -sign up for experiments -bring the study number and the room number -last day is April 25 th [email protected] THINKING CRITICALLY WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Prescientific Psychology -is the mind connected to the body or distinct? -are ideas unborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience? -Socrates and Plato think we were born with knowledge, mind and body seperate -Aristotle thought we weren’t born knowing things and only learn things by experience, mind and body are connected -Decartes agreed with Socrates and Plato and thought the mind was entirely distinct from the body -Locke said the mind is a blank slate where experience writes o Empiricism: Knowledge comes from experience via the senses Science flourishes through observation and experiments Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig Edward Titener introduced structuralism : used introspection (looking in) to explore the elemental structure of the human mind William James felt that it was more fruitful to study the evolved functions of our thoughts and feelings; influenced by Darwin and how thinking helps us to adapt; functionalism focused on how behavioral processes function- how they enable organism to adapt, survive, and flourish o Definition of Psychology: The science of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, feelings) o Nature- Nurture Controversy the longstanding controversy over relative contributions that genes and experience make to development of psychological traits and behaviors 14 January 2008 Psychology’s Subfields o Basic Research Pure science that aims to increase the knowledge base
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o Applied Research Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems o Clicnal Psychology Branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders o Psychiatry A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders Practiced by physicians who sometimes use medical (drugs) treatments as well as psychotherapy Hindsight Bias o We tend to believe, after learning an outcome, that we would have foreseen it (I knew it all along) Overconfidence o We tend to think we know more than we do Critical thinking o Thinking that does not blidnely accept arguments and conclusions Examines assumptions Discerns hidden values Evaluates evidence Assesses conclusions Theory o An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations Hypothesis o A testable prediction o Often implied by a theory Operational Definition o A statement of procedures (operations) used to define research variables EX: intelligence may be operationally defined as what an
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Crystal during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Psychology 11 January 2008 - Psychology 11 January 2008

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