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Running head: RESEARCH PAPER: MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION1Research Paper: Motivation Concepts and ApplicationParita ShahUniversity of the Cumberlands
RESEARCH PAPER: MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION2Introduction and DefinitionsEmployers today easily expect their employees to demonstrate motivation towards theirjob and work, wanting a higher performance outcome, however, few really try to dig deep andunderstand how employees are motivated. Companies directly or indirectly have a vested interestin an employee’s growth and future and the more engaged a company is with their employees,the higher could be the company’s efficiency. This holds true conversely also. If an employee isdevoted towards the company and their goals, the company can highly benefit from thisinvestment. So what makes employees go over and above for their employers and companies isthe purpose of this paper. Researchers have concluded that motivation is the “psychological forces that determinethe direction of a person's behavior in an organization, a person's level of effort and a person'slevel of persistence” [CITATION Jon16 \p 381 \l 1033 ]. Information from a 1988 study, whichstill can be admissible in today’s times, shows that although a large number (over eighty percent)of companies struggle with finding talent, however a significant portion (over fifty percent) ofthose also struggle with retaining talent and resources [CITATION Ram04 \p 52 \l 1033 ]. Suchlosses of personnel not only damage the companies financially, however there is also aqualitative loss of experience and knowledge that those employee possessed, which is far moredifficult to recover for companies and is one of the most valuable assets. This loss can be easilyreduced, if not avoided altogether, by keeping employees more engaged and committed to theorganization and its goals. Employees need to be motivated to work towards achieving their own goals as well asgoals that align with the company. If an employee’s goals are far inclined towards any one ofthese, it can lead to adversity in the future. Having an employee have all his or her goals focused
RESEARCH PAPER: MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION3towards work and achieving the company’s goals can lead to that individual being burned outfaster than others. Conversely, an individual with no goals that helps their professional growthand hence, the organization for which they work, are signs of an under or unmotivated employee.Managers must strike a good balance between two to cultivate motivated and efficientindividuals [CITATION Sha05 \p 23 \l 1033 ]. Motivation can be understood more simply as an “umbrella term” for various theories,studies and research that help understand circumstances, attitudes and determinants thateventually give rise to individuals going beyond what they know about behavior and diving intoattitudes and the driving forces behind it [CITATION DeS05 \p 545 \l 1033 ]. This goes on to tell