Research Paper - Parita Shah - Running head RESEARCH PAPER MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION Research Paper Motivation Concepts and Application

Research Paper - Parita Shah - Running head RESEARCH...

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Running head: RESEARCH PAPER: MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION 1 Research Paper: Motivation Concepts and Application Parita Shah University of the Cumberlands
RESEARCH PAPER: MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION 2 Introduction and Definitions Employers today easily expect their employees to demonstrate motivation towards their job and work, wanting a higher performance outcome, however, few really try to dig deep and understand how employees are motivated. Companies directly or indirectly have a vested interest in an employee’s growth and future and the more engaged a company is with their employees, the higher could be the company’s efficiency. This holds true conversely also. If an employee is devoted towards the company and their goals, the company can highly benefit from this investment. So what makes employees go over and above for their employers and companies is the purpose of this paper. Researchers have concluded that motivation is the “psychological forces that determine the direction of a person's behavior in an organization, a person's level of effort and a person's level of persistence” [CITATION Jon16 \p 381 \l 1033 ]. Information from a 1988 study, which still can be admissible in today’s times, shows that although a large number (over eighty percent) of companies struggle with finding talent, however a significant portion (over fifty percent) of those also struggle with retaining talent and resources [CITATION Ram04 \p 52 \l 1033 ]. Such losses of personnel not only damage the companies financially, however there is also a qualitative loss of experience and knowledge that those employee possessed, which is far more difficult to recover for companies and is one of the most valuable assets. This loss can be easily reduced, if not avoided altogether, by keeping employees more engaged and committed to the organization and its goals. Employees need to be motivated to work towards achieving their own goals as well as goals that align with the company. If an employee’s goals are far inclined towards any one of these, it can lead to adversity in the future. Having an employee have all his or her goals focused
RESEARCH PAPER: MOTIVATION CONCEPTS AND APPLICATION 3 towards work and achieving the company’s goals can lead to that individual being burned out faster than others. Conversely, an individual with no goals that helps their professional growth and hence, the organization for which they work, are signs of an under or unmotivated employee. Managers must strike a good balance between two to cultivate motivated and efficient individuals [CITATION Sha05 \p 23 \l 1033 ]. Motivation can be understood more simply as an “umbrella term” for various theories, studies and research that help understand circumstances, attitudes and determinants that eventually give rise to individuals going beyond what they know about behavior and diving into attitudes and the driving forces behind it [CITATION DeS05 \p 545 \l 1033 ]. This goes on to tell

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