Lecture 4 - 106 - CORRECTED.pptx

Lecture 4 - 106 - CORRECTED.pptx - Lecture 4 East Asia...

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Lecture 4 East Asia, 1750-1919
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This Week East Asia (China, Japan) in the 18th and 19th century How did these nations respond to European imperialism? How did they adapt to new age of industrialism and empire? How did they become modern? Did they?
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McCartney Embassy - 1792- 3 “...There is therefore no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce.” — Qianlong Emperor, Second Edict to King George III of Great Britain, 1792 And he’s right! China has larger economy, produces more, has larger population than whole of British Empire
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Forty years later... First Opium War (1839-1842) When the Chinese try and block the opium trade the British government dispatches the Royal Navy and other force (East India Company, etc) China loses decisively - Hong Kong, extraterritoriality, opens its ports Begins “Century of Humiliation” (1842-1949)
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So What Happened? Industrial Revolution + military superiority British ships are better-armed and more maneuverable, British troops better-armed and more experienced with modern warfare China has never had a serious rival - “out of context” problem
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