Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Paper.docx

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Paper.docx...

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Humanistic Theories Affect Individual Personalities Maslow’s holistic-dynamic theory is the third force of psychology. Holistic-dynamic theory which stresses both unity of the organism and motivational aspects of personality. Also, the assumes that the whole person is constantly being motivated by one need or another and that people have the potential to grow toward psychological health which is the self-actualization (Maslow, 1970). To achieve self-actualization, we must satisfy the lower needs such as hunger, safety, love and esteem and after we satisfy each need then we can reach the self-actualization. The Jonah complex is when we block the growth toward self-actualization or the fear of being one’s best (Maslow, 1979). Maslow theory of personality depends on some basic assumptions that refers to motivation. First assumption is the holistic approach to motivation which the whole person not any single part or function is motivated. Second assumption is motivation is usually complex which the person behavior may spring from different motives which might be unconscious or unknown to the person. Third assumption is the people are continually motivated by one need or another. Which is when one need is satisfied it ordinarily loses the motivational power and then is replaced by another need. Fourth assumption is all people everywhere are motivated by the same basic needs. Which the manner where people in different culture obtain food, build shelters, express friendship. Fifth and final assumption the needs can be arranged on a hierarchy (May 1943, 1970).
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  • Spring '13
  • ThomMote
  • Psychology, Søren Kierkegaard, Rollo May

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