Romanticism.docx - Romanticism Medievalism idealization of...

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Romanticism: Medievalism: idealization of, and inspiration drawn from, a conception of the Middle Ages. The term “romantic” comes from medieval romances (narrative stories in verse)More variation of dynamics, rhythm, form, ranges, keys, orchestration, dramatic contrastsOrchestras become bigger, growing into the modern symphony orchestraRejection of Classicism and, to a lesser extent, of the Enlightenment and rationalismBeethoven is the the prime cause of, and the bridge to, the Romantic movement from the ClassicismSome important composers: Niccolò Paganini, Hector Berlioz, Felix Mendlessohn, Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Richard Wagner, Giuseppe Verdi, Johannes Brahms, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Gabriel FauréThe Lied (plural Lieder), or art song, is a work for solo voice and piano; a song cycle is a short suite of interrelated songs forming a wholeSome notable Lied composers include Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Hugo Wolf, and Gustav Mahler

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