Lecture+6+Notes.docx - VPMA93 Lecture 6 – Music and...

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VPMA93 Lecture 6 – Music and Meaning blues an expressive, soulful style of singing that emerged from the African American spiritual and work song at the end of the nineteenth century ( 蓝调 : 一种富有表现力的、深情的歌唱风格,出现于十九世纪末的非裔美国人的灵歌和工作歌曲 ) Example: Popular music from 1910-1919 (not flexible, very formal and structure) African-American work song (very flexible, the pitch, the rhythm ) Bessie Smith, Gulf Coast Blues, 1923 (flexibility of the approach to the pitch and rhythm) blue note the lowered third , seventh and sometimes fifth degrees of the otherwise major scale ; the degree of inflection may vary considerably ( 蓝音符 : 第三度,第 7 度,有时甚至是第 5 度的下降 ; 拐点的程度可能有很大的不同 ) Example: Amazing Grace, Independent Baptist Church, Virginia, 1977 Amazing Grace, deacon and congregation of the New Bethel Baptist Church, Detroit, 1977 ( lining out ) Krzysztof Penderecki, Threnody: To the Victims of Hiroshima
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