Lecture+3+Notes.docx - VPMA93 Lecture 3 – Melody Tonality...

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VPMA93 Lecture 3 – Melody, Tonality, Harmony 旋律 Melody – a succession of pitches that form a distinctive, coherent musical unit Aspects of Melody: Range – narrow 音调少 , medium, wide 音调很多 Contour – level 高低音调明显 , undulating 波浪式的旋律 , ascending 上升 , descending 下降 , arch-shaped 弧形旋律 Motion – conjunct 连续的旋律;紧凑的 , disjunct 不连续的 Ornamentation – unornamented, highly ornamented Shaping melodies word-painting – the musical illustration of the meaning of a word or a short phrase of text (for example, setting the word ‘rising’ to a rising melodic line or the word ‘falling’ to a falling melodic line) madrigal – the main secular vocal genre of the 16 th century Thomas Weelkes, “As Vesta was from Latmos Hill Descending” from The Triumphs of Oriana (1601) examples 1. Oriana – a legendary British princess; used as a poetic designation for Queen Elizabeth I As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending, she spied a maiden Queen the same ascending, Attended on by all the shepherds' swain, to whom Diana's darlings came running down amain, First two by two, then three by three together, Leaving their goddess all alone hasted thither; And mingling with the shepherds of her train, with mirthful tunes her presence entertains. Then sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana, Long live fair Oriana! 2. Tal Bachman, “She’s So High program music – a piece of instrumental music that seeks to recreate in sound the events and emotions portrayed in some extramusical source (examples: love; the banshee)
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Building melodies phrase – a self-contained portion of a melody antecedent, consequent – two musical phrases, the second of which is a concluding response to or resolution of the first motive
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