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Listening List VMPA93 Name of piece of music Lecture remarks Lecture slides Joseph Kosma, Autumn Leaves (1945) Idiophone with definite pitch; Vibraphone : striking metal bars with mallets; resonators , (sustain) pedal; damper ͞ butterfly discs ͟ on top of the tubes amplitude and produce tremolo by opening and closing constantly Jean Ritchie, Shady Grove Chordophone: produced by a vibrating string activated by striking, plucking, or bowing E.g. Violin, guitar, cello, zither Appalachain dulcimer: held hoizontallyin the player s lap and strummed with a quill or the thumb you play on one of these strings only and the rest are drones ( a continuous sound on one or more fixed pitches) François Couperin, Les Baricades Mistérieuses (1716- 17) Chordophone Harpsichord (e.g. an upright piano) Damper stops the strings from vibrating; the hammer hits it & your damper goes back short sound envelop Take the damper off by pressing the pedal longer sound envelop of sustain and decay Lecture 3 (Harpsichord): range - narrow contour - undulating motion - both disjunct and conjunct ornamentation - trill at 0:42 motive: a short fragment of melody or rhythm used in constructing a long section of music Lecture 4 (Horizontal aspect of pitch): Major scale Narrow range for keyboard instruments Contour: undulating (wavy type) Conjunct and disjunct motions (little leaps and steps) Ornamentation at the end of the larger music line Regular phrasing No wordpainting Use of motive (two little melodies speak out a large amount of melodic materials) Ornamentation - trills heavily used (particularly in Baroque period). Part of "performance practice" - intrumentalists and vocalists think about how to add it into the melodic line. (i.e. Chopin) Henry Cowell, The Banshee (1925) Irish; a female spirit/ghost that will cry out just before somebody is going to die gives a sound of context One person only press down the sustain pedal all the dampers come off the strings so the sound sustain Another persion sweep across the strings, rub with finger nails and pluck the strings using her fingers There are four types of sound in this piece made by four distinct playing techniques: 1) sweeping the flesh of the fingers across the wire-wound strings 2) rubbing along the length of the wire-wound strings with the flesh of the finger 3) plucking strings with the flesh of the finger (pizzicato) (0:51) 4) rubbing along the length of the string with find more resources at find more resources at
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