Lecture+2+Notes.docx - VPMA93 Lecture 2 – The timbre of...

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VPMA93 Lecture 2 – The timbre of instruments Hornbostel-Sachs system of instrument classification 1. Idiophone: vibrations are produced by striking either one portion of the instrument against another, or another object against the instrument 2. Membranophone: sound is produced by vibrations of a stretched membrane that is struck or rubbed 3. Chordophone: sound is produced by a vibrating string activated by striking, plucking, or bowing 4. Aerophone: sound from a vibrating column of air is activated from a blow hole, a reed, or buzzing lips 5. Electrophone: sound is produced or modified by electronic means Zither 齐特琴 an instrument in which the strings run the length of the body Appalachian dulcimer 阿帕拉契扬琴 a plucked zither found chiefly in the Appalachian Mountains; it is held horizontally in the player’s lap and strummed with a quill or the thumb of the right hand; the string nearest the player is the melody string and is stopped either with a finger or a wooden bar; the remaining stings are drones Drone – a continuous sound on one or more fixed pitches Sympathetic string 共鸣弦 a string that is not normally played upon directly but that is set in motion by
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  • Fall '17
  • Don Quixote, Vibrating string, Musical instrument, String instrument, Hornbostel-Sachs

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