Final notes.pdf - UTSC VPMA93H3 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE find...

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UTSC VPMA93H3 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
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Listening to Music Week 1 Lecture Notes Our society has an interesting distinction between people who think they are musical, people who perform, and people who consume music Despite this, we actually all have a high degree of musicality as listeners since we are able to associate music with different things All music is equal and no one genre is better than the other Music is a mode of communication Music is a product of human behaviour Sound o Frequency —in acoustics, the number of complete vibrations or cycles per second in a vibrating system, such as a string or a column of air; frequency is the primary determinant of the listener’s perception of pitch Pitch —the relative position (high or low) of a musical sound, depending on its fundamental frequency (the number of cycles per second of the sounding object); the faster the vibrations, the higher the pitch Tone —a sound with a definite, consistent pitch Like a performance aspect … how the musician approaches the frequency… “You have a very nice tone” What makes instruments sound different? o You actually hear multiple frequencies when you hear a sound and it is the combination of these frequencies that make up the sound o We hear the entire length of the frequency the most, whatever is the lowest on the scale of vibrating Hz o Harmonics —a series of frequencies, all of which are integral multiples of a single frequency termed the fundamental; the secondary tones above a fundamental pitch that, taken in sum, help form the totality of that sound o Overtone/Partial —a secondary vibration in a sound-producing body, which contributes to the overall tone colour o Instruments find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
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Listening to Music Week 1 Lecture Notes Flute Strong fundamental, Strong 1 st Overtone Pure sound Notice, you don’t hear many overtones Oboe Not much of the fundamental Violin You hear many overtones o Real life example Overtone singing! Sound production o Attack —how the sound is produced… column of air is blown, plucking a string o Release —air column stops, bow reduces in pressure o Sustaining o Decay —reduce in pitch o Altogether this forms the sound envelope —the combination of characteristics defining the attack, steady state, and decay of a tone Sound wave also depends on the material of the instrument, the structure, etc Timbre —the character or quality of a musical sound as determined by its harmonics and sound envelope find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
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Listening to Music Week 2 Lecture Notes Timbre [tam-ber] Hornbostel-Sachs System of Instrument Classification o Classified by sound o Classifications Idiophones —vibrations are produced by striking either one portion of the instrument against another, or another object against the instrument Examples o Vibraphone o
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  • Fall '17
  • Music, First Movement

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