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THE SPHINXName:Institution;Date:Page1of8
More than 4500 years ago in Giza Plateau, Egypt, an impressive limestone creature wascurved and sat majestically in the vast sand land to present some form or a guardian watchingover the plateau. The large creature was known as the Great Sphinx and was seen to be a lion’sbody attached to a human head. The Great Sphinx was buried under the sand for many years tillits discovery that presented its history and physically attributed to the entire world. The sphinxwas initially referred in numerous different names as obtained on earliest Egyptian writingsforms. There in a lot of history, and mythos surrounding the Great Sphinx that characterizes itsmeaning. The great sphinx was initially buried for a long time during its existence until it wasdug out by King Thutmose IV. Thutmose IV was still a prince when he went hunting and laterfell asleep at the Sphinx head shade1. The sphinx spoke to the prince in a dream and requestedhim to clear away the sand which was choking the sphinx. In return the sphinx would ensure thatthe prince would become a King. After Thutmose IV cleared all the sand and sphinx stood free,the sphinx held up its part of the deal and ensured that Thutmose IV become a king. Some of themissing part of the sphinx like the beard is being displayed within the British Museum.The Great Sphinx is known to be about 200 feet long and 65 feet tall, with a 13 feet wideface and 6 feet high eyes. As opposed to the ancient Greek sphinxes which were known to be afemale winged creature, the Egyptian Sphinx were male creatures. Through intensive research onthe Great Sphinx, some red paint traces were observed on the cheeks, an illustration of its oncebright color. The current Sphinx has a missing beard and nose, but this has not prevented thegeneral expression of the Sphinx to be seen by observers2. The Sphinx faces are observed to havea smile and watchful eyes. There has been some possible reasoning towards the missing nosewhere different archaeologist and historian have provided.A common explanation entails the1Allen, Butler.. "A History of the Great Sphinx of Giza." Associated Content -Associatedcontent.com. Allen Butler, 2 Feb, 2006.2Ibid, 171-182
nose falling off when some of Napoleon’s archeologist were examining the statue. Anotherreasoning explains that the Mameluke army were using the sphinx during target practice, whereone lucky artillery managed to blow off the nose. However, none of these myths are consideredappropriate as the most accepted explanation involves the nose being removed by a Sufi in the 8thcentury after considered it a blasphemous idol. There are evidence suggesting that the Sphinxnose was deliberately pried off using chisels.

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Term
Summer
Professor
Daniel
Tags
Ancient Egypt, Great Sphinx of Giza, great sphinx

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