INTRODUCTIONAhealthpolicygenerallydescribesfundamentalprinciplesregarding which health providers are expected to make value decisions." Health Policy provides a broad framework of decisions for guiding health actions that are useful to its community in improving their health, reducing the gap between the health status of haves and have- not and ultimately contributes to the quality of life.
The National Health Policy of 1983 and the National Health Policy of 2002 have served well in guiding the approach for the health sector in the Five-Year Plans. Now 14 years after the last health policy, a new is introduced.The primary aim of the National Health Policy, 2017, is to inform, clarify, strengthen and prioritize the role of the Government in shaping health systems in all its dimensions
NEED OF A NEW HEALTH POLICYHealth priorities are changing,there is growing burden on account of non- communicable diseases and some infectious diseasesThe emergence of a robust health care industry estimated to be growing at double digitGrowing incidences of catastrophic expenditure due to health care costs, which are presently estimated to be one of the major contributors to poverty.A rising economic growth enables enhanced fiscal capacity.Therefore, a new health policy responsive to these contextual changes is required
OBJECTIVESImprove health status through concerted policy action in all sectors and expand preventive, promotive, curative, palliative and rehabilitative services provided through the public health sector with focus on quality.
Principles Of The PolicyProfessionalism, Integrity And EthicsThehealthpolicycommitsitselftothehighestprofessional standards, integrity and ethics to be maintained in the entire systemofhealth care delivery in the country, supported by acredible, transparent and responsible regulatory environment.
EquityReducing inequity would mean affirmative action to reach thepoorest.It would mean minimizing disparity on account of gender, poverty, caste, disability, other forms of social exclusion and geographical barriers.It would imply greater investments and financial protection for the poor who suffer the largest burden of disease.
AffordabilityAs costs of care increases, affordability, as distinct from equity, requires emphasis. Catastrophic household health care expenditures defined as health expenditure exceeding 10% of its total monthly consumption expenditure or 40% of its monthly non-food consumption expenditure, are unacceptable.
UniversalityPrevention of exclusions on social, economic or on grounds of current health status. In this backdrop, systems and services are envisaged to be designed to cater to the entire population- including special groups
Patient Centered & Quality Of CareGender sensitive, effective, safe, and convenient healthcare services to be provided with dignity and confidentiality. There is need to evolve and disseminate standards and guidelines for all levels of facilities and a system to ensure that the quality of healthcare is not compromised.