Culture and Society Basic Concepts

Culture and Society Basic Concepts - Culture and Society...

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Culture and Society Basic Concepts 1. Definitions A. Culture – learned and socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material and non-material objects, behavior; includes values, ideas, customs, and artifacts B. Society – large number of people living (physically) in the same territory, who participate in a common culture and heritage, and who are relatively independent of people outside their territory; society is the largest form of human group studied by sociologists 2. Cultural Universals: A. Most cultural universals are based on all human beings’ needs to have food, clothing and shelter; though cultural universals occur in all known societies and cultures, the practice of these universals can vary dramatically. B. Some Examples of Cultural Universals: 1. sexual restrictions 2. reproduction 3. food gathering and preparation 4. medicine and healing 5. search for meaning beyond what is in a certain society 3. Cultural Change A. Innovation – introduction of new ideas or objects (including
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Shanahan during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Culture and Society Basic Concepts - Culture and Society...

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