Final Notes

Final Notes - Cutting the apple how do you determine who...

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- 10/9/07 - Cutting the apple… how do you determine who has the resources? - Stratification - structured inequality. (structured rankings of entire groups of people o Religion, power, authority, gender, ALL there are people that have access and are less powerful. - Number of things to prove who has recourses and who don’t. ( Demography – sub- section of sociology. Look at certain … o 1. Proxy-measures – How well off is the country? (data is inflated) o 2. Fertility rate – average # of children born alive to any woman in the society. o 3. Birth Rate – number of live births per 1,000 people in a given year. o 4. Infant mortality rate – number of deaths of infants less than one year of age per 1,000 people. o 5. U-5 (under 5) mortality rate- probably of dying between birth and exactly 5 year of age as express by 1,000 births. o 6. GNI (Growth National Income) – demographic statistic. Gross National Income divided by all the population at mid year. o 7. Adult Literacy Rate- percent of people age 15 and older who can read and write. o 8. In come share- percentage of income receive by the 20% of households with the highest income, and by 40% with the lowest income. (comparing half wealthy and half not wealthy) o **** Most tell us the well being in terms of health, income/wealth, children/family o 192-195 countries worldwide (nation states) They comprise the world stratification system. Divided into 3 major categories by sociologists. High income countries (core)or (1 st world) Middle income countries (semi periphery) or (2 nd world)
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- Low income countries (periphery) or (3 rd world) Of the countries there is a real stratification system of them (pie chart) Distribution of world income. 20% of the wealthiest people on earth have 80% of the global income . 20% of the next richest have 10% of the global income 20% of the next richest have 6% of global income 20% of the next richest have 3% of global income Last 20% have 1% of the Global Income - Core/High income countries 52 nations some are Canada, France, Germany, US, United Kingdom (18% of the world’s people and 25% of the world’s land area) o High per-capita income o 3/4ths live in or near cities. (urbanization – off of the land and into the cities. Changes the distribution of money and the stratification - Semi-Periphery Middle Income Countries - 80 nations some are Chile, Malaysia, Ecuador, Morocco, Indonesia (70% of the world’s people and 55% of the world’s land) o 2/3rds live in the city, many with industrial jobs. - Periphery/ Low Income Countries - 60 nations such as Central and East Africa, Asia (12% of the world’s people and 20% of the land) o Very high population density. (lots of people living close together) o 1/3 rd live in cities, the rest in villages and farms. o
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Final Notes - Cutting the apple how do you determine who...

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