Breast feeding.pptx - BREAST FEEDING Presented By K.C.MEGHWAL DEFINITION OF BREASTFEEDING Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with

Breast feeding.pptx - BREAST FEEDING Presented By...

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BREAST FEEDING Presented By: K.C.MEGHWAL
DEFINITION OF BREASTFEEDING Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breasts (i.e., via lactation) not from a baby bottle or other container . EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING "Exclusive breastfeeding" is defined as no other food or drink, not even water, except breast milk (including milk
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF BREAST Lacteferous ducts lobules dilated section of duct to hold milk nipple fat pectoralis major muscle chest wall/ rib cage normal duct cells basement membrane lumen Enlargement: Nipple:18-20 duct
CON’T… Nipple and aerola enlarge and darken during pregnancy. Small bump on aerola called Montgomery gland. montgomery gland: To soften the nipple (prepare the nipple for breastfeed)
The Prolactin Reflex 1. (Long arrow) Nerve impulses from sucking go to brain 2. (Short arrow) The pituitary gland releases prolactin into the blood 3. (Breast) This causes the alveolar cells to secrete milk and swells the alveoli The Milk Ejection Reflex 1. (Long arrow) Nerve impulses from sucking go to the brain 2. (Short arrow) The pituitary gland releases oxytocin into the bloodstream 3. (Breast) This causes muscles around the alveoli in the breast to squeeze milk to the nipple The milk ejection reflex
HOW BREAST MILK IS PRODUCED The let-down reflex How body responds to baby’s suckling: Infant suckling stimulates the nerve endings in the nipple and areola, which signal the pituitary gland in the brain to release two hormones, prolactin and oxytocin. How Breast Responds to Baby’s Suckling: Prolactin causes alveoli to take nutrients (proteins, sugars) from blood supply and turn them into breast milk.
Let-down is experienced in numerous ways including: Infant begins to actively suck and swallow. Milk may drip from the opposite breast. Mother may feel a tingling or a full sensation (after the first week of nursing) in breasts or uterine cramping. May feel thirsty. Oxytocin causes the cells around the alveoli to contract and eject milk down the milk ducts. This passing of the milk down the ducts is called the “let-down” (milk ejection) reflex.
10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding 1. Have a written breastfeeding policy that is routinely communicated to all health care staff.

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