soci 101 first exam review

soci 101 first exam review - 1 verstehen similar to...

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1. verstehen - similar to sociological imagination. You need to recognize self as a social being, but also need to understand your position relative to other people and their position relative to you 2. ideal type - is set of characteristics that would be in that bureaucracy if it were operating as it could. The set of characterteristics such that it operates efficiently. A bureaucracy has a chain of command; hierarchy 3. Functionalism or Structural Functionalism – what is the consensus of the social norms across a living body. 4. Conflict Theory - There are competing interests between each “group” within a society. Biggest conflict was between workers and owners. This creates conflict and competition. The dominant group (owners) impose their will on the subordinate (Workers) group. Workers want to be paid enough to make a living while owners want to maximize profit. This is an inherent conflict of interest. 5. Functionalist - A Functionalist theorist would say that the roles of men and women withing the household is a good system of operation and is necessary to run the household 6. Conflict – emphasis on Social change, tension between and among different groups and differential power between and among different groups 7. Interactionalist - Social relations and relationships between and among individuals and groups; how we present ourselves to others; how we develop as social beings 8. Culture - learned and socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material and non-material objects, behavior; includes values, ideas, customs, and artifacts 9. Society - large number of people living (physically) in the same territory, who participate in a common culture and heritage, and who are relatively independent of people outside their territory; society is the largest form of human group studied by sociologists 10. Ascribed Status - a status that does not change; usually assigned at birth 11. Achieved Status - a status that is earned through your own efforts; is changeable 12. Master Status - a status that is dominant over all others; one or more that form the basis for your self identity; the major master statuses in U.S. culture: sex, age, race 13. Role - set of expectations for behavior (and the behavior itself) for a certain status 14. Role Conflict - competing expectations from one status 15. Role Restrain - competing expectations from multiple statuses 16. Role Exit - expectations assigned to a role important to your self identity which are no longer required (as in retirement from a job) 17. Groups - any number of people with similar norms, values and expectations who interact with one another on a regular basis; there are different types of group, based on size, degree of intimacy, formality, goals, and others; characteristics of group can overlay each other 18. Primary Groups - small, intimate face-to-face interaction; of long duration; identity is closely tied to the group
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19. Secondary Groups - formal, impersonal groups with little face-to-face interaction, of shorter duration, identity more loosely tied to the group
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Shanahan during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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soci 101 first exam review - 1 verstehen similar to...

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