Exam 1 review

Exam 1 review - Psychology Exam Number 1 Things to Know...

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Psychology Exam Number 1 Things to Know Review Sheet Chapter 1 Psychology - the science and study of behavior and mental processes (cognition). Includes the investigation of the physiological processes underlying. What are the seven key themes in psychology? 1. Psychology is empirical 2. Psychology is theoretically diverse 3. Psychology evolves in a socio-historical context 4. Behavior is determined by multiple causes 5. Behavior is shaped by our cultural heritage 6. Behavior is influenced by both heredity and environment 7. Our experience of the world is highly subjective Major Areas of Applied Psych is Clinical and Counseling Psychology Psychology’s intellectual parents are philosophers, etc. 1879-The birthday of Psychology- Wilhelm Wundt founded the first lab/department in Leipzig, Germany. Structuralism -the study of the elementary senses (Edward Titchener)-done through introspection(highly subjective) Functionalism -the study of the purpose of consciousness (William James)- wrote the Principles of Psychology Natural Selection (Charles Darwin) plays a role in the thought of functionalism-certain mental traits are more favorable and are therefore evident in the population-explains basic properties John B Watson-the founder of Behaviorism -says that Psychology should be the scientific study of behavior not the mind. Behaviorists believe that there is no true control on the mind therefore it cannot be truly studied- also believed that nurture was solely responsible for behavior (Blank Slate Idea) BF Skinner-hard core behaviorist-thought all of our actions are determined by environmental factors-positive and negative reinforcements-this means that free will is non-existent Sigmund Freud -founded Psychoanalysis which influenced psychology-stressed that unconscious sexual and aggressive urges cause behavior and thought The Reaction to behaviorists and Freud is Humanistic Psychology (Carl Rogers)-this stressed free will and the unique qualities of humans and their potential for growth. Cognitive Psychology -Mind is the most important part of psychology- Abraham Maslow, Olds, Sperry???? Evolutionary Perspective on Cognitive Psychology-we are not blank slates rather preconditioned by natural selection-stone age mind in a modern skull.
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Chapter 2 Empirical - theories are based on strategic observations rather than speculation Hypothesis -a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables Steps in a Scientific Investigation 1. Hypothesis 2. Design the Study 3. Collect the Data 4. Analyze the Data 5. Report Findings Theory -a system of interrelated ideas that is used to explain a set of observations Major Research Methods • Observational- description • Correlational- linking • Experimental- establishing cause and effect Experiment -the manipulation of the independent variable in order to see the effects on the
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Exam 1 review - Psychology Exam Number 1 Things to Know...

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