Week 5 Kohlberg Moral Development.doc - 1 Kohlbergu2019s...

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1 Kohlberg’s Moral Development
2 Kohlberg’s Moral Development Kohlberg was a developmental psychologist that was a professor at Harvard University. Although Kohlberg was a professor at Harvard, Kohlberg is strongly recognized for his research on moral development conducted at Harvard in the 1970s. Kohlberg believed an individual's moral development was influenced by three stages: Pre-conventional, Conventional, and Post- conventional. Each of these stages are divided into two stages, each of the them resulting in a specific purpose. Furthermore, the theory of moral development was strongly influenced by Jean Piaget, John Dewey, and James Baldwin because these men believed there was progressive development physiologically and psychologically. Additionally, Kohlberg made many contributions to the knowledge of moral development in psychology and even society. Along with these contributions come limitations of the theory of moral development. Moreover, Carol Gilligan has contributed to knowledge or moral reasoning. Gilligan focuses on and depicts differences among genders in the psychology field. Gilligan argues different sexes think differently and some influential factors are due to social influences and gender conditioning. Theory of Moral Development Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development overlooks the entire development of moral reasoning. The theory explains that an individual can only progress through one stage, therefore, the individual cannot jump stages, nor concurrently be in stages. It is imperative for children to be presented with moral dilemmas to enhance their development in moral reasoning as it is enhanced by social interaction. The Theory of Moral Development consists of three phases: Pre- Conventional, Conventional, and Post-Conventional. The first stage of Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development includes the Pre- conventional stage. This stage is divided into two sections and is generally developing at the
3 elementary level. In stage one, individuals typically abide by social norms that are deemed acceptable by society and other figures in the individual's life. The individual tends to cooperate in order to avoid negative consequences. Whereas, the second (stage two) is an individual whose behavior is more associated with what benefits them. Subsequently, the second stage is defined as Conventional; this stage is divided into two phases as well. The first stage (stage three) is associated with individuals that seek the acceptance of another such as peers or teachers. On the other hand, the preceding stage (stage

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