HST9-12-07 - The Rise of the Sweatshop The Labor Movement...

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The Rise of the Sweatshop 9/12/07 The Labor Movement The Knights of Labor, 1869 – becomes powerful in the 1880s…first labor union to organize unskilled workers…women, African Americans…reached peak membership 750,000 members…strikes, boycotts…wanted to end child and convict labor, secure public land that the US was granting to railroad corps. for people…”make every man his own master”…1886-organized national strike called for “eight-hour day” The Eight-Hour Day Movement and the Haymarket Riot, 1886 – May Day celebration…protesting for eight hour day…coincided with a strike in McCormick Reaper…police shot into a crowd…mass strike in Haymarket Square, Chicago… eight anarchist sentenced to death without proper evidence…Knights of Labor lost popularity after the riot… The American Federation of Labor, 1886 – Federation of craft unions…skilled workers…accepted profit/capitalist wage system…pushed to improve conditions within the system…did not accept women workers…
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