1 2007CCJ: Sociology of Crime Griffith University Assessment 1, Part 2 Template Due Date: Name: Tutor: Student #: Weekly Review of Readings #1 The strains in this research are gendered. The research also included non-gendered strains such as family conflict. One example of strain that is gendered in this research is economical strain, which is mainly associated with women, because they can sometimes become prostitutes to get money. Whereas, men do not solicit prostitutes for money but for pleasure, and men are much less likely to become prostitutes. Another gendered strain is drug abuse. This, again, is a female strain, because women who need cash to fuel their drug addiction can turn towards prostitution to pay for their drugs. A male, however, if he abused drugs would not get money, but lose money if he hired a prostitute. A non-gendered strain that affects both men and women is family conflict. Family conflict has been the reason that some young women run away and become prostitutes as a mean to get money. Men become Johns and hire prostitutes sometimes when they have family conflict at home with their wives and are not happy with their home lives. The identified strains did align with Agnew’s GST. Agnew theorised that strains were caused by a person’s aspirations to reach any goal and the means to achieve that goal and the difference between them (Butcher, Manasse, Milton, 2015). When a person fails to reach these goals, it results in strain. The coping mechanisms that people use to cope with the strain are what can result in crimes; i.e prostitution. The strain that was identified as the main strain for women going into prostitution was economic strain. Which in turn is often caused by drug use which is also being used to cope with other strains. For the male Johns, they solicit prostitutes to cope with strains that cause negative emotions from relationships, masculine identity and work.
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