HST10-26-07 - Cold War at Home • Senator Joseph McCarthy...

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A Cold War World: 10/26/07 Cold War Abroad – US wanted to turn Europe into a market for US goods. George Kennan, “The Long Telegram” – 1946…the most cited and influential statement that articulates American Anti-Communism…sent telegram after 2 years of working in Moscow US Embassy…called for a policy of firm containment…communists are the threat to the free world… Containment – became the US Cold War policy Truman Doctrine - “Domino Theory” – if the soviets made their way into Korea, they would spread communism into Asia. Marshall Plan – arm of Cold War policy…12% of the entire federal budget went to the Marshall Plan National Security Council Report 1968 – US needed to permanently build up its army to fight communism…marks the end of containment…38 th parallel: Korean War, 1950-1953 - US Involvement in Vietnam began, 1950
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Unformatted text preview: - Cold War at Home- • Senator Joseph McCarthy – most well-known anti-communism…knew of communists in the US government…held trials that ruined careers of people accused of communism with no proof. • McCarthyism, The Red Scare- • House on Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) - • The Hollywood Ten - • Blacklisting - • Army-McCarthy Hearings, 1954 – charged the army had 100 communists in its ranks • Was there a communist threat? – political theory in which a single authority holds power, property and wealth is given by the government…free trade becomes essential to Americans’ definition of capitalism and freedom • Edward R. Murrow – CBS newscaster did a show on McCarthy “Good Night & Good Luck” **ID on Next Test - Military Industrial Complex…Black Water Churchill’s Iron Curtain -...
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