HST10-31-07 - A Second Reconstruction: The Civil Rights...

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A Second Reconstruction: The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s 10/31/07 Rethinking the Affluent 1950s - Rates of Poverty – only 12% of Americans had white-collared (middle class) jobs Harrington, The Other America – critiques Americans in the 1950s…25% of the population lived in poverty…account in poverty in America in the 1950s…”structural poverty” (built into society/permanent underclass) Galbraith, The Affluent Society – looked at economic conditions of the US… Americans were obsessed with buying consumer goods, urged Americans to use public services A Second Reconstruction – Civil Rights movement hit a national state during the 1950s…americans began watching the civil rights movement on TV 1898, Plessy v. Ferguson - 1954, Brown v. Board of Education – overturns Plessy v. Ferguson (Jim Crow legislation) (Separate but Equal)…Thurgood Marshall/NAACP practically invented Civil Rights laws (separate was unequal)…did not enforce/provide a timetable for desegregation…Massive Resistance began…Southern Manifesto
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