Cold War Unit Terms and Questions.docx

Cold War Unit Terms and Questions.docx - Mr Owens Name...

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Mr. Owens Name: James US History Cold War Unit (15 points) Identify the following terms using your textbook: 1. Massive Retaliation Policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression 2. Brinksmanship Belief that only by going to the brink of war could the United States protect itself against Soviet aggression. 3. Nikita Khrushchev Communist Party leader who served as premier of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev led the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis, but lost power soon afterwards. 4. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
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Congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the United States. 5. Hollywood Ten Group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties. 6. Blacklist List of persons who were not hired because of suspected communist ties. 7. Alger Hiss Former high-ranking State Department official investigated by HUAC as a communist spy and later convicted of perjury, but not espionage. Documents released in the 1990s supported the accusations against him. 8. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
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Two American civilians controversially convicted and executed for espionage during the Red Scare of the 1950s. Later evidence from the Verona Papers confirmed that both did have ties to Soviet espionage. 9. Joseph R. McCarthy U.S. Senator who led a series of high-profile investigations into Americans whom he accused of being disloyal to the United States. His tactics, known as McCarthyism, helped define the Red Scare of the 1950s. 10. McCarthyism Negative catchword for extreme, reckless changes of disloyalty.
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Doc A: A timeline of the early Cold War years . 1) According to the timeline, which development most likely led President Truman to initiate loyalty? Reviews of federal employees? A. Communists take over Eastern Europe. B. Communists take over China. C. The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of citizens and organizations suspected of being communist. D. The Communist Party of the United States of America forms. 2) Based on the information in the timeline, in which historical context did McCarthy rise to power?
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