Government.docx - Introduction to american national...

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Introduction to american national government and politics Key terms Government: the institutions and procedures by which a territory and its people are ruled Politics: conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of government Political efficacy: the ability to influence government and politics Pluralism: theory that all interests should be free to compete for influence in the government Public policy: how to solve a “public” problem, the process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time Policymaking in a democracy Pluralistic in nature Requires many people to participate in the politics and governing Outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation Philosophical views on government John locke (1600s) Natural rights Social contract John stuart mill (1800s) Role of government Individual liberty The federalists and anti federalists Scope of government Popular democracy Elites Figure 1.2 Forms of government Need to define these types for exam 1 Political trust A very important measurement of citizens’ beliefs in the government Trust increases political efficacy It also empowers and legitimizes the government
Yet, in 2015 only 19% trusted in government Figure 1.1 Trust in government Need to know for exam 1 What are the consequences of declining trust? Political trust slide, need to know for exam 1 Review chapter 1 Government includes the institutions of government but also the people- more ppl and limits on govt the more democratic Which gives many people a voice in the policymaking process Begins with ppl/linkages institutions who raise awareness of the issue/problems Requires politics and ppl to trust Colonial political identity Growing opposition to British Rule Starts to unite us Need to protect from invaders Unites the colonials who have differences Desire for self-governance Brings us together despite different beliefs and ways of life Inherent distrust in “abuse of power” Government during the colonial period (1600s-1776) 13 separate colonies Decentralized but little sovereignty for the colonial governments Established and governed by King of England Governors appointed by the king Oversaw trade and had final approval of laws Council appointed by the governor Acted as a high court Colonial assembly elected by the eligible colonists Made laws Events that led to the Revolutionary War
1764- The Sugar Act 1756- Stamp Act 1773- east india trade company forms a monopoly 1773- Boston tea Party 1776- second continental congress draft a statement of independence Unites the colonists philosophically Puts ideas out there that haven't been heard of at the time After the revolution Declaration of Independence of 1776

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