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Unformatted text preview: 20:00 Soc 424 Lecture 2-5-08 Open systems approach A branch of systems design Characteristics o Emphasizes process than structure o Interdependence of organization and its environment Capable of self- maintenance on the basis of throughput of resources from environment Throughput of complexity from environment preserves the differential structure of an open system Has boundaries, but they are hard to define- often it is a arbitrary decision All made of subsystems and are subsumed in larger systems o Open systems can experience negentropy: external energies or resources used to repair breakdowns in organizations, improve structure and routines morphostasis: refers to those processes that tend to preserve or maintain a systems given form, structure, or state. Refers to processes that elaborate or change the system; for example: growth, learning, and differentiation o Hierarchal systemsimportance of environment Hierarchy as a mechanism of clustering Within a system components are apt to be tighter and of greater density than the between system components Hierarchal forms have a significant survival advantage over other systems---stable sub-assemblies It is important to look outside the system of interest to examine its context as to look inside the system as its components unite- rationalism. The opposite of reductionism- looking outside an entity to the environment or a higher system for explanation. Three major schools of Open system Perspective o Systems Design Generally systems theory improve the design of organizations Determine proper work flows Control systems Information processing Planning mechanisms Knowledge transfer Interrelations Pragmatic and applied: to change and improve organizations as viewed from a managerial perspective, not simply to describe and understand them Levels of system complexity- range from Simple and deterministic to Complex and probabilistic to Exceedingly complex and probabilistic For complex probabilistic systems, operations research using statistical procedures is used to describe and predict systems behavior For exceedingly complex probabilistic systems, simulation of the operation of the system is widely employed analytic technique- treating system as system ( more than the sum of components) Recent branches of system theory- complexity and chaos theory o To examine the behavior of highly complex, probabilistic, nonlinear dynamic systems. Ex: economy or behavior o Account for the behavior of the flow of the fluids and or the behavior of mental balls suspended over tow or more magnets in which a single set of deterministic...
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- Spring '08