In Freedman’s chapter on reproduction and the politics of choice we learn that by the 1980s reproduction had become politically charged and politically controversial on the basis of historical changes that drew women into the wage labor force. The shift from self-sufficient agriculture to a commercial and then industrial economy encouraged smaller families. Women needed more reliable control over their fertility, especially when they entered the paid labor force.Although economic times were changing motherhood continued to have a deep spiritual and cultural meaning, and both women and men are reluctant to undermine its power. Freedman explains in this chapter how recent medical technologies offer greater reproductive choices and are constantly changing the ways we view reproduction. Feminists have proposed reproductive policies that balance a confirmation of women’s capacity for child bearing with recognition of the economic vulnerability that mothers still face. Feminists are critical in adopting the principle of choice. According to feminists, choice allows women to claim rights to motherhood when they wish but to resist childbearing when they must. In
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