Chapter 23 Reading Guide.docx - Pozo US History Chapter 23 Reading Guide ID and Significance Compromise of 1877-The agreement that finally resolved the

Chapter 23 Reading Guide.docx - Pozo US History Chapter 23...

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Pozo, US History Chapter 23 Reading Guide ID and Significance Compromise of 1877- The agreement that finally resolved the 1876 election and officially ended Reconstruction. In exchange for the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, winning the presidency, Hayes agreed to withdraw the last of the federal troops from the former Confederate states. This deal effectively completed the southern return to white-only, Democratic-dominated electoral politics. Credit Mobilier- This scandal was a construction company I was formed by owners of the Union Pacific railroad for the purpose of receiving government contracts to build the railroad highly inflated prices and profits. In 1870 to a scandal erupted when journalist discovers that the Credit Mobilier Company had bribed congressmen and even the vice president to allow the ruse to continue Gilded Age- A term given to the period 1865 to 1896 by Mark Twain, indicating both of the fabulous mouth and the widespread corruption of the era. Civil Rights Act of 1875- The last piece of federal civil rights legislation until the 1970s the law promised blacks equal access to public accommodations and band racism in jury selection but it provided no means of enforcement I was therefore ineffective. In 1883, the Supreme Court declared most of the act unconstitutional. Sharecropping- an agricultural system that emerged after the Civil War in which blacks and white farmers rented land and residences from a plantation owner in exchange for giving him a certain share of each year’s crops. Sharecropping was the dominant form of Southern agriculture after the Civil War, and landowners manipulated this system to keep tenets in perpetual debt and unable to leave their plantations. Jim Crow- System of racial segregation in the American South from the end of reconstruction until the mid 20 th Century. Based on the concept of separate but equal facilities for blacks and whites, the Jim

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