Anthropology Notes

Anthropology Notes - Anthropology Notes- 1/22/08 Work Ethic...

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Anthropology Notes- 1/22/08 Work Ethic -Ambition -Punctuality -Effort -Creativity -Dedication -Perseverance -High Quality Language -Symbolic; Confirms meaning -Human communication… is culture context specific. -Language has a profound impact on human behavior. - Consider : ~Identity ~Group Interaction -Language is symbolic, and it is humans’ ability to think symbolically that enables us to have language and that gives our worlds and lives meanings. Structural Linguistics - Phonology - The study of sounds in a language. - Phoneme - Unit of sound in a language. - Morpheme - Smallest unit of sound in a language that has meaning
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(Example: -a-, -no-, -if-). - Bound Morpheme - A morpheme that has to be appended to another unit of sound before it can have meaning. (Example: -s- denotes that something is in the plural if appended to a word. –d-,-ed- denotes action happened in the past. –un- prefix which reverses meaning of word to mean the opposite of what it does.) - Allophones - different sounds that can substitute for the same sound (the, da) Language Acquisition- Human beings have an innate biological capacity to learn languages. -We know children have the capacities to learn languages quickly between the ages of 0-7. -This capacity is great reduced as humans start to age. Universal Grammar : Proposed by Noam Chomsky. He hypothesizes that there are certain universal rules concerning language “hard-wired” into the human brain. Supported by our ability to learn other languages, both in infancy and otherwise, and that overall languages share similar features such as verbs, nouns, adjectives, etc. -Shining brightly the sea breezes to hurry past the girl with trees. -Trees with hurry breezes sea the past to the girl brightly shining.
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Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis - argues that structural and grammatical features of a language will consequently lead speakers of that language to think about things differently. I.e. language structures our ability to think about the world and our ability to communicate those thoughts to others. ~Consider the future tense of
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Scarre during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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Anthropology Notes - Anthropology Notes- 1/22/08 Work Ethic...

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