FinalExamReview - Here is a general review sheet for your...

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Here is a general review sheet for your final exam. Hopefully it will contain everything that you’ll need to study for this exam. I pronomi complemento oggetto indiretto : Indirect object pronouns. These, by their very definition, indicate that these pronouns “indirectly” receive the action of the conjugated verb. They answer the questions: to whom or for whom. Here’s the list of the indirect object pronouns. Io…. .mi noi…. .ci Tu….ti voi…. .vi Lui…gli loro…gli/loro Lei (formal). .LE Lei (feminine). . le So here we are. How do you use these indirect object pronouns? Quite like the direct object pronouns these indirect object pronouns usually precede the conjugated verb but they can also go at the end of the infinitive (after you drop the final –e- at the end of the verb). Here are some examples: Gli offro un caffè ……………………………. .I offer him a cup of coffee. Devo telefonarle ………………………………I have to call her. A loro piace il calcio ………………………….They like soccer. Voglio preparargli un panino ………………. .I want to make him a sandwich. * Notice how in the second example the indirect object pronoun is attached to the infinitive (also the fourth example too). Instead of writing it the way it is written you could also write them like, following the directions above, placing the pronoun before the conjugated verb. Here’s what they would look like: Devo telefonarle …………………………… Le devo telefonare Voglio preparargli un panino …………… Gli voglio preparare un panino. Either way you choose to use these indirect object pronouns, they are all correct, as long as you do either of the above mentioned constructions. There are certain verbs that are commonly used along with indirect object pronouns. Here are some of them: Dare (to give) Offrire (to offer) Dire (to say) Prestare (to loan) Domandare (to ask) Rispondere (to respond) Insegnare (to teach) Scrivere (to write) Mandare (to send) Telefonare (to call) Obviously these aren’t the only verbs but they are, generally speaking, the most common ones used with indirect object pronouns
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L’imperfetto : The imperfect tense. This tense, while it has been a while since you’ve thought about it, is very much used to: describe actions that are ongoing in the past or a habit/ repeated action in the past. This tense speaks as to what you used to do. Because this tense, with regard to most of the verbs, is highly regular it has the same endings for all three verbs (-are, -ire, -ere). They are formed by dropping the final –re, and adding the following endings: -vo, -vi, -va, -vamo, -vate, -vano. However, there are some verbs that are irregular in the imperfect (like dire, bere, fare, essere). The imperfect is always the further back (in terms of past tenses); the passato prossimo (a completed action) is always used to interrupt the further back of the two actions (see pg. 218 for more information). Here is a list of words that
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course ITAL 101 taught by Professor Lasalata during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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FinalExamReview - Here is a general review sheet for your...

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