HIST 387 Final Exam Revision DocumentSection I. Key Dates-June 25th, 1914: Assassination of Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina by Gavrilo Princip and the Black Hand-1815: Congress of Vienna held, setting the course for European diplomacy until 1914-1870: Risorgimento in Italy, leads to Italian Unification under House of Piedmont-Sardinia-1871: Creation of the German Empire after Prussian victory in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71)-1873: League of Three Emperors created by Bismarck-1877-78: Russo-Turkish War, ends with Treaty of San Stefano-1878: Congress of Berlin convened by Bismarck-1879: Dual Alliance signed by Germany and Austria-Hungary-1881: Recreation of the League of Three Emperors-1882: Creation of the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy)-1887: Reinsurance Treaty signed (Germany, Russia)-1889: Accession of Wilhelm II as German Emperor-1894: Franco-Russian Military Convention signed-1896:Kruger Telegram Scandal-1897 & 1900: Germany passes 1stand 2ndNaval Laws (Tirpitz)-1898: Fashoda Incident (Britain and France)-1902:Anglo-Japanese Treaty signed-April 1904: Anglo-French Naval Agreement-1905:First Moroccan Crisis-1906: Algeciras Conference-1904-1905: Russo-Japanese War-1907: Anglo-Russian Convention signed, de facto creation of the Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia)-1908: Bosnian Annexation Crisis, Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina-1911: 2ndMoroccan Crisis-1911-1912: Italo-Turkish War-1912-1913: First and Second Balkans Wars (1st : Russia + Balkan League vs. Ottomans) (2nd: Balkan League vs. Bulgaria)-July 6th, 1914: Count Alexander Hoyos (AH) sent to Germany, “Blank Cheque” given-July 23rd, 1914: Austro-Hungarian Ultimatum issued to Serbia -July 24th, 1914: Russian pledge of support for Serbia-July 25th, 1914: Serbian rejection of Austro-Hungarian ultimatum-July 28th, 1914:Austria-Hungary declare war on Serbia-August 2nd, 1914: German ultimatum to Belgium-August 1914: Battle of the Frontiers & Battle of Tannenberg-August-September 1914: The Great Retreat (Western Front)-September 6th-9th1914: First Battle of the Marne
-October-November 1914: the “Race to the Sea” (British and Germans)oFirst Battle of Ypres (Kindermord)-May-June 1915: Gorlice-Tarnow Offensive-May 1915: Italy enters the war on the side of the Entente-October 11th, 1915: Bulgaria enters the war on the side of the Central Powers-January-March 1915: Champagne OffensiveoMarch 10th-13th: Battle of Neuve-Chapelle-April 22nd-May 25th, 1915: 2ndBattle of Ypres-September-October 1915: Offensives in Champagne and ArtoisoSeptember 25th-October 8th: Battle of Loos-December 6th-8th1915: Allied conference at Chantilly-January-November 1916: Battle of Verdun-July-September 1916: Battle of the Somme-November 1st, 1914: Battle of Coronel-December 8th, 1914:Battle of the Falklands-August 28th, 1914: Battle of the Heligoland Bight-December 16th, 1914: Raid on Scarborough-January 24th, 1915: Battle of Dogger Bank-May 31st-June 1st, 1916: Battle of Jutland-February 4th, 1915: First declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare by GermanyoFebruary 1st, 1917: Renewal of USW after a brief pause-May 7th, 1915: RMS Lusitania sunk by a German U-Boat-August 23rd, 1914:
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