week 5-Infectious Disease Paper.docx - Running head HIV 1 Infectious Disease Paper HIV NR 503 Population Health Epidemiology and Statistical Principles

week 5-Infectious Disease Paper.docx - Running head HIV 1...

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Running head: HIVInfectious Disease Paper: HIVNR 503: Population Health Epidemiology and Statistical PrinciplesChamberlain UniversityMay 20181
Running head: HIVIntroduction of Communicable DiseaseAccording to the CDC (2018), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the body’s CD4 of T cells. Ultimately, so many of these cells can be destroyed, that the body loses capability to fight off infections, leading to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). HIV-2 and HIV-1 are the two main types of HIV. HIV-1 is more prevalent in the United States and HIV-2 is common in western Africa (Goljan, 2014). In 2016, there were approximately 37 million people living with HIV and about 1 million deaths from AIDS (UNAIDS, 2017). Data shows that sexual transmission makes up 80% of reported cases in the United States. 50% of that is homosexual and 20% is heterosexual. In developing countries however, cases of heterosexual transmission account for a greater percent. Other methods of transmission can include IV drug use, vertical transmission and accidental needle pricks. Symptoms of

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