prelim1terms - OB Terms Pre-Lim 1 Chapter 1 Organization A...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
OB Terms- Pre-Lim 1 Chapter 1 Organization : A structured social system consisting of groups and individuals working together to meet some agreed-upon objective Organizational Behavior : the field that seeks increased knowledge of all aspects of behavior in organizational settings through the use of the scientific method Behavior Sciences : fields such as psychology and sociology that seek knowledge of human behavior and society through the use of the scientific method Theory X : a traditional philosophy of management that most people are lazy and irresponsible, and will work hard only when forced to do so Theory Y : philosophy of management suggesting that under the right circumstances, people are fully capable of working productively and accepting responsibility for their work Open Systems : Self-sustaining systems that transform input from external environment into output, which the system then returns to the environment Contingency Approach: a perspective suggesting that OB is affected by a large number of interacting factors. How someone will behave is said to be contingent upon many different variables at once Time-and-motion Study : A type of applied research designed to classify and streamline the individual movements needed to perform jobs with the intent of finding “the one best way” to perform them Scientific Management : An early approach to management and OB emphasizing the importance of designing jobs as efficiently as possible Human Relations Movement : a perspective on OB that rejects the primarily economic orientation of scientific management and recognizes, instead, the important of social processes in work settings Hawthorne Studies : the earliest systematic research in the field of Ob, this work was performed to determine how the design of work environments affected the performance Classical Organizational Theory: early approach to the study of management that focused on the most efficient way of structuring organization Division of Labor : practice of dividing work into specialized tasks that enable people to specialize in what they do best
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bureaucracy: organizational design developed by max Weber that attempts to make organizations operate efficiently by having a clear hierarchy of authority in which people are required to do well-defined jobs Chapter 4 Individual Differences : the many ways in which individuals can differ from each other Personality : the unique and relatively stable patterns of behavior, thoughts, and emotions shown by individuals Interactionist Perspective : the view that behavior is a result of a complex interplay between personality and situational factors Person-Job Fit : the extent to which the traits and abilities of individuals match the requirements of the jobs they must perform Objective Tests : questionnaires and inventories designed to measure various aspects of personality Reliability : the extent to which a test yields consistent scores on various occasions, and the extent to which all of its items measure the same underlying construct
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course ILROB 1220 taught by Professor Goncaloj during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

Page1 / 19

prelim1terms - OB Terms Pre-Lim 1 Chapter 1 Organization A...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online