Review - Study Guide Why do we need a framework Ideas that...

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Study Guide Why do we need a framework? Ideas that can address both social continuity and social change. Social movement – is a process that can disrupt an established social order (continuity), move through a disruptive period, and may establish a new social order (with a different way of maintaining continuity. Example: French revolution 3 terms characterizing the French revolution: Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity Fraternity – describing collectivism or community of people Intellectual history: two major stands of anthropology – one is better at dealing with continuity, the other with change Radcliffe-Brown: wanted to get image of anthropology away from being a curious shot, organic analogy Structural functionalism: emphasis on stability, non-change, system-reinforcing conflict; small scale, traditional societies with lower energy producing technologies (hunting and gathering, pastoralism, horticulture). Examples: Halloween, Mardi Gras, Sadie Hawkins Day Each organ is a structure, each structure has a job or function to do, put together – you have a system that regulates Culture – system of ideas that help you orient ideas around you Denai – horticulture people (simple form of agriculture) Normal social order – ranked differences between people – some well off, some not Liminality – distinct reversal of normal social order in which lowers get to take out on uppers Max Gluckman – rebel, wrote article about tribes in east Africa – it is male dominant o Kral – protective area where homes are o Velt – hunt and work here, hunting and warrior – guys space Neo-Marxism: emphasis on instability, conflict and long term change that is retarded by the cultural order. Masking and reflecting reality – “Nothing to fear, but fear itself.” Resistance to a view of a structure of society; rather, structural moments that represent the current state of the struggle between the rising and the declining social orders.
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