gmo_biodiversity_case_noques.docx - AG 401 GMOs and Biodiversity Since historical times humans have domesticated organisms for the use of agriculture By

gmo_biodiversity_case_noques.docx - AG 401 GMOs and...

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AG 401: GMOs and Biodiversity Since historical times, humans have domesticated organisms for the use of agriculture. By breeding these organisms with the intentions of expressing specific characteristics that are valued by growers and consumers in some form of matter, humans have altered the range of genetic content. Naturally, evolution would seek out fit characteristics that increase an organism’s chance of survival. Technology has changed the process of achieving the wanted characteristics by the use of genetic engineering. The result of successful genetic engineering requires the physical insertion of genetic information from one species to another, (“Overview of the Process of Plant Genetic Engineering”, n.d.). Biotechnology has been used to create various staple crops including maize, soybeans, cotton, and canola that produce greater yield, are resistant to pests, and are capable of tolerating drought conditions. Bt crops are the most globally grown genetically modified crops that covered 29 million acres of the world by 1999. Bacillus thuringiensis genes have been inserted into these crops, making them resistant to pesticides and common insects that feed on the crops, specifically bollworms and borers, (“ Bt GM (genetically modified) crops”, n.d.).
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