Slavery and the Civil War unfinished.docx - Lee 1 Joe Lee...

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Lee 1Joe LeeDr. MedleyU S History I (to 1865)13 November 2018Slavery and the Civil WarThe 1850’s in the United States of America were marked by a series of bitter and violent battles regarding the concept of slavery. The system was further dividing the two opposing sides of the debate through many events that took place in the decade. Among the most tumultuous events of the 1850s were the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Bleeding Kansas, and the caning of Charles Sumner. By analyzing these many events, one can understand how they increased the rising sectionalism in the country and allowed for further disunion.The first major event of the 1850s that increased sectionalism was the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This act allowed for the creation of the states of Kansas and Nebraska and also allowed for farmers to settle the lands. Most importantly, it allowed for the creation of the Republican Party. The OpenStax textbook states, “ The new Republican Party pledged itself to preventing the spread of slavery into the territories and railedagainst the Slave Power, infuriating the South. As a result, the party became a solidly northern politicalorganization. As never before, the U.S. political system was polarized along sectional fault lines.” As a result of the act, many abolititionists flooded into the state of Kansas to prevent southern farmers from attempting to establish slavery. This lead to the second major event which was Bleeding Kansas. The event started as pro-slavery Missourians and New England abolitionists clashed in the state over slavery which lead to deep sectionalism. The Missourians gained power in the state and passed a
Lee 2pro-slavery bill through illegal acts which upset the majority of the citizens. In return, the clashesbroke out and violence ensued. The OpenStax textbook states. “ The violent clashes increased, Kansas becameknown as “Bleeding Kansas.” Antislavery advocates’ use of force carved out a

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